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The Smithsonian is closed due to a United States federal government shutdown. Global Volcanism Program staff are out of the office and unable to maintain this site until further notice. The Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Reports are suspended because USGS staff have also been furloughed.

What was erupting in the year...?

There were 77 confirmed eruptions at some point during 2018 from 71 different volcanoes; 36 of those were new eruptions that started during the year. A stop date with "(continuing)" indicates that the eruption was considered to be ongoing as of the date indicated. Data is reported through the last data update (20 December 2018). Information about more recent eruptions can be found in the Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report.

Volcano Country Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI
Planchon-Peteroa Chile 2018 Dec 16 2018 Dec 16
Copahue Chile-Argentina 2018 Dec 2 2018 Dec 7
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Nov 25 2018 Nov 25
Kuchinoerabujima Japan 2018 Oct 21 2018 Dec 18 (continuing)
Gamalama Indonesia 2018 Oct 4 2018 Oct 6
Soputan Indonesia 2018 Oct 2 2018 Dec 15
Barren Island India 2018 Sep 25 2018 Nov 12
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2018 Sep 21 2018 Oct 12
Ketoi Russia 2018 Sep 21 2018 Sep 21
Sarychev Peak Russia 2018 Sep 12 ± 1 days 2018 Oct 15 2
Semisopochnoi United States 2018 Sep 8 2018 Oct 31
Veniaminof United States 2018 Sep 4 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 1
Alaid Russia 2018 Aug 20 2018 Aug 21 1
Sangay Ecuador 2018 Aug 8 2018 Dec 7 (continuing) 2
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2018 Jul 28 2018 Dec 3 1
Nishinoshima Japan 2018 Jul 12 2018 Jul 12 1
Sierra Negra Ecuador 2018 Jun 26 2018 Aug 23 2
Telica Nicaragua 2018 Jun 21 2018 Aug 15 1
Krakatau Indonesia 2018 Jun 18 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 1
Fernandina Ecuador 2018 Jun 16 2018 Jun 21 1
Great Sitkin United States 2018 Jun 10 2018 Aug 11 1
Ulawun Papua New Guinea 2018 Jun 8 2018 Jun 8
Kerinci Indonesia 2018 Jun 5 2018 Oct 22 1
Merapi Indonesia 2018 May 11 2018 Dec 13 (continuing) 3
Karymsky Russia 2018 Apr 28 2018 Sep 30 3
Marapi Indonesia 2018 Apr 27 2018 May 2 2
San Cristobal Nicaragua 2018 Apr 22 2018 Apr 22 1
Piton de la Fournaise France 2018 Apr 3 2018 Nov 1 0
Dieng Volcanic Complex Indonesia 2018 Apr 1 2018 Apr 1 1
Kirishimayama Japan 2018 Mar 1 2018 Dec 3 (continuing) 3
Sangay Ecuador 2018 Feb 25 2018 Feb 25 1
Karangetang Indonesia 2018 Feb 2 2018 Feb 2 1
Kusatsu-Shiranesan Japan 2018 Jan 23 2018 Jan 23 1
San Miguel El Salvador 2018 Jan 14 2018 May 30 1
Mayon Philippines 2018 Jan 13 2018 Dec 11 (continuing) 2
Kadovar Papua New Guinea 2018 Jan 5 2018 Dec 2 (continuing) 2
Agung Indonesia 2017 Nov 21 2018 Dec 14 (continuing) 3
Ambae Vanuatu 2017 Sep 6 (?) 2018 Nov 27 (continuing) 3
Sangeang Api Indonesia 2017 Jul 15 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 2
Karymsky Russia 2017 Jun 4 2018 Jan 27 3
Copahue Chile-Argentina 2017 Jun 4 2018 Jul 31 1
Rincon de la Vieja Costa Rica 2017 May 23 2018 Jan 9 2
Ol Doinyo Lengai Tanzania 2017 Apr 9 2018 Oct 16 (continuing) 0
Aira Japan 2017 Mar 25 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 1
Sabancaya Peru 2016 Nov 6 2018 Dec 16 (continuing) 3
Ebeko Russia 2016 Oct 20 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 2
Saunders United Kingdom 2016 Sep 28 2018 Dec 2 (continuing) 1
Cleveland United States 2016 Apr 16 2018 Dec 16 (continuing) 2
Langila Papua New Guinea 2016 Apr 2 2018 Oct 30 2
Nevados de Chillan Chile 2016 Jan 8 2018 Dec 7 (continuing) 2
Masaya Nicaragua 2015 Oct 3 2018 Dec 15 (continuing) 1
Klyuchevskoy Russia 2015 Aug 28 2018 Jun 15 3
Pacaya Guatemala 2015 Jun 7 ± 1 days 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 1
Turrialba Costa Rica 2015 Mar 8 2018 Dec 13 (continuing) 2
Villarrica Chile 2014 Dec 2 ± 7 days 2018 Dec 18 (continuing) 1
Manam Papua New Guinea 2014 Jun 29 2018 Dec 6 (continuing) 2
Semeru Indonesia 2014 Apr 1 ± 15 days 2018 Dec 21 (continuing) 3
Sinabung Indonesia 2013 Sep 15 2018 Jun 22 4
Etna Italy 2013 Sep 3 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 2
Heard Australia 2012 Sep 5 ± 4 days 2018 Nov 27 (continuing) 0
Bezymianny Russia 2010 May 21 (?) 2018 Dec 17 (continuing) 3
Reventador Ecuador 2008 Jul 27 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 2
Ambrym Vanuatu 2008 May 23 2018 Dec 17 (continuing) 2
Ibu Indonesia 2008 Apr 5 2018 Dec 11 (continuing) 1
Popocatepetl Mexico 2005 Jan 9 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 2
Suwanosejima Japan 2004 Oct 23 2018 Nov 30 (continuing) 2
Nyiragongo DR Congo 2002 May 17 (?) 2018 Dec 18 (continuing) 2
Fuego Guatemala 2002 Jan 4 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 3
Bagana Papua New Guinea 2000 Feb 28 (in or before) 2018 Dec 1 (continuing) 2
Sheveluch Russia 1999 Aug 15 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 4
Kilauea United States 1983 Jan 3 2018 Sep 4 3
Erebus Antarctica 1972 Dec 16 (in or before) ± 15 days 2018 Oct 24 (continuing) 2
Erta Ale Ethiopia 1967 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2018 Dec 19 (continuing) 0
Stromboli Italy 1934 Feb 2 2018 Dec 16 (continuing) 2
Dukono Indonesia 1933 Aug 13 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 3
Santa Maria Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 3
Yasur Vanuatu 1774 Jul 2 (in or before) ± 182 days 2018 Dec 20 (continuing) 3

List of Questions

What volcanoes have the most people living nearby?

What volcanoes have had the longest eruptions?

How many active volcanoes are there?

Has volcanic activity been increasing?

What was erupting in the year...?

What is a volcano?

What is the world's highest volcano?

How do scientists forecast eruptions?

What volcanoes are the most noteworthy?

Why doesn't GVP post alert levels?

What Holocene volcanoes are in areas with a UNESCO classification?


Global Volcanism Program, 2013. Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.7.5. Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 19 Jan 2019. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013