Activity for the week of 1 February-7 February 2006
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| Chuginadak Island (USA)
| 52.825°N, 169.944°W
| Elevation 1730 m
An ash cloud emitted from Cleveland was detected on satellite imagery beginning at 0757 on 6 February, leading AVO to increase the Concern Color Code to Red from an unassigned code (Cleveland does not normally have a Concern Color Code because it is not seismically monitored, therefore no definitive information about background activity is available). An image at 0900 on the same day showed a small ash cloud ~130 km ESE of the volcano. Initial data suggested that the cloud was at a height of ~6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l. The ash cloud detached from the volcano and there was no indication of continuous ash emission. Ash had largely dissipated on satellite imagery by 1341. AVO received no information about additional ash emissions, so they decreased the Concern Color Code to Orange around 1655 on 6 February.
Sources: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Anchorage Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| Kyushu (Japan)
| 31.593°N, 130.657°E
| Elevation 1117 m
Based on information from JMA, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an explosion at Sakura-jima on 5 February produced a plume that reached a height of ~1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N.
Source: Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| United States
| 59.363°N, 153.43°W
| Elevation 1252 m
During 1-7 February, occasional pyroclastic flows continued to travel down Augustine's flanks and low-level ash plumes reached no higher than 4.6 km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. on satellite imagery. On 3 February, seismicity decreased significantly, but remained above background levels. Seismicity remained low throughout the remainder of the report period. Satellite imagery from the evening of 6 February showed a persistent thermal signal and occasional light ash emission. On 7 February, a steam plume was visible rising ~150 m (~500 ft) above the summit. AVO warned that further explosive activity producing ash clouds to heights over 7.6 km (25,000 ft) may still occur with little or no warning. Augustine remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Sources: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Anchorage Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 19.514°N, 103.62°W
| Elevation 3850 m
During 4-7 February, small explosions occurred at Colima. The highest resultant ash plume reached ~8.5 km (28,000 ft) a.s.l. on 4 February.
Sources: Centro Universitario de Estudios e Investigaciones de Vulcanologia - Universidad de Colima, Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 14.473°N, 90.88°W
| Elevation 3763 m
During 1-3 February, weak-to-moderate explosions occurred at Fuego. Shock waves from the explosions were sometimes felt in villages near the volcano. Small avalanches of volcanic material traveled down Fuego's S and W flanks.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
| 1.22°N, 77.37°W
| Elevation 4276 m
During 30 January to 6 February, seismicity continued at Galeras, with an average of 200 small earthquakes occurring per day. In addition, slight deformation was recorded at the volcano. A flux of about 300 metric tons of sulfur dioxide was measured per day. Strong degassing occurred in several sectors of the active cone and around the lava dome. Steam rose to ~900 m above the volcano (or ~17,000 ft a.s.l.). Galeras remained at Alert Level 3 ("changes in the behavior of volcanic activity have been noted").
Source: Servicio Geológico Colombiano (SGC)
| Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
| 54.049°N, 159.443°E
| Elevation 1513 m
According to reports from pilots of local airlines, ash emissions from Karymsky rose to 4-5 km (13,100-16,400 ft) a.s.l. during 30-31 January. The ash plumes extended 13-29 km from the volcano to the SW and SE, respectively. A thermal anomaly was visible at the lava dome during 27 January to 3 February, except when the volcano was obscured by clouds on the 28th. KVERT warned that activity from the volcano could affect nearby low-flying aircraft. Karymsky remained at Concern Color Code Orange.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
During 2-7 February, lava from Kilauea continued to enter the sea at the East Lae`apuki area and surface lava flows were visible on the Pulama pali fault scarp. Background volcanic tremor was near normal levels at Kilauea's summit, with numerous shallow earthquakes continuing to occur at the summit and upper E rift zone. Volcanic tremor reached moderate levels at Pu`u `O`o. Small amounts of inflation and deflation occurred at the volcano during the report period.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| 19.023°N, 98.622°W
| Elevation 5393 m
During 1-7 February, several small-to-moderate emissions of steam, gas, and small amounts of ash occurred at Popocatépetl. On the 4th, an explosion produced a plume that rose to ~6.7 km (22,000 ft) a.s.l.
Sources: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| El Salvador
| 13.853°N, 89.63°W
| Elevation 2381 m
During 27 January- 3 February, volcanic activity was at moderate levels at Santa Ana. On the 2nd, there was an increase in seismicity at the volcano, possibly related to an earthquake on the coast of Guatemala. There was also an increase in the sulfur-dioxide flux, with an average of 2,000 metric tons measured daily. Steam plumes rose to low levels above the volcano. The Alert Level at Santa Ana remained at Red, the highest level, within a 5-km radius around the volcano's summit crater.
Source: Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (SNET)
| 14.757°N, 91.552°W
| Elevation 3745 m
During 1-3 February, weak-to-moderate explosions occurred at Santa María's Santiaguito lava-dome complex, producing plumes that rose to a maximum height of 1 km above the volcano (or 15,650 ft a.s.l.). On 1 February at 0657 and 0708, moderate explosions occurred that were accompanied by pyroclastic flows. Lava extrusion at Caliente Dome produced block-and-ash flows that descended the dome's S,E, and W sides.
Source: Instituto Nacional de Sismologia, Vulcanologia, Meteorologia, e Hidrologia (INSIVUMEH)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
Volcanic and seismic activity at Soufrière Hills were at elevated levels during 27 January to 3 February. Images taken by a remote camera at the beginning of the report period indicated that the lava dome continued to grow over a broad sector extending from the SW around to the NE. A pair of spines was observed on the SE side of the dome on 29 January, although both these and the fin-like structures (relatively thin, vertical planar spines) on the SE flank of the dome collapsed during the report period. Numerous small rockfalls were observed emanating from the S,E, and NE flanks of the lava dome, adding to the talus in the upper reaches of the Tar River Valley. Continued lava-dome growth was observed, particularly at the southern end, which was higher than the northern end of the dome. The sulfur-dioxide flux averaged 594 metric tons per day.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| United States
| 46.2°N, 122.18°W
| Elevation 2549 m
Growth of the new lava dome inside the crater of Mount St. Helens continued during 1-7 February, accompanied by low rates of seismicity, low emissions of steam and volcanic gases, and minor production of ash. Occasional clear views of the volcano revealed incandescence on the currently growing lava lobe and a few incandescent rockfalls. St Helens remained at Volcano Advisory (Alert Level 2); aviation color code Orange.
Source: US Geological Survey Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)
| Ryukyu Islands (Japan)
| 29.638°N, 129.714°E
| Elevation 796 m
Based on information from JMA, the Tokyo VAAC reported that several explosions occurred at Suwanose-jima during 6-7 February. A resultant plume from an explosion on the 6th rose to 1.2 km (4,000 ft) a.s.l. and extended NW.
Source: Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
During 1-7 February, emissions of gas and ash occurred at Tungurahua. On 5 February at 0600, a moderate explosion occurred. A steam plume, with a small amount of ash, rose to ~1 km above the volcano (or 19,750 a.s.l.) and drifted SW. Light rainfall on the 7th generated a lahar in La Pampa area NW of the volcano.
Source: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG)
Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
- A volcano observatory raises or lowers the alert level at the volcano.
- A volcanic ash advisory has been released by a volcanic ash advisory center (VAAC) stating that an ash cloud has been produced from the volcano.
- A verifiable news report of new activity or a change in activity at the volcano has been issued.
- Observers have reported a significant change in volcanic activity. Such activity can include, but is not restricted to, pyroclastic flows, lahars, lava flows, dome collapse, or increased unrest.
Volcanoes are included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report if the activity occurs after at least 3 months of quiescence. Once a volcano is included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section, updates will remain in that section unless the activity continues for more than 1 month without escalating, after which time updates will be listed in the "Continuing Activity" section. Volcanoes are also included in the "New Activity/Unrest" section if the volcano is undergoing a period of relatively high unrest, or increasing unrest. This is commonly equal to Alert Level Orange on a scale of Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, where Red is the highest alert. Or alert level 3 on a scale of 1-4 or 1-5.
It is important to note that volcanic activity meeting one or more of these criteria may occur during the week, but may not be included in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report because we did not receive a report.
1. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is intended to provide timely information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Consequently, the report is generated rapidly by summarizing volcanic reports from various sources, with little time for fact checking. The accuracy of the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is dependent upon the quality of the volcanic activity reports we receive. Reports published in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network are monthly, and more carefully reviewed, although all of the volcanoes discussed in the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report are not necessarily reported in the Bulletin. Because of our emphasis on rapid reporting on the web we have avoided diacritical marks. Reports are updated on the Weekly Volcanic Activity Report web page as they are received, therefore information may be included regarding events that occurred before the current report period.
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