Report on Ulawun (Papua New Guinea) — May 1990
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 15, no. 5 (May 1990)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Ulawun (Papua New Guinea) Dry tilt suggests radial inflation
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1990. Report on Ulawun (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 15:5. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199005-252120.
Papua New Guinea
5.05°S, 151.33°E; summit elev. 2334 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Activity remained at a very low level, with the summit crater releasing white vapour in small to moderate amounts. Seismicity was limited to a few (<=10) very small low-frequency events/day. Aerial inspection 2-4 May showed no significant change in summit morphology.
"The ground deformation network (EDM and dry tilt) was reoccupied 2-4 May. Comparison of the latest EDM measurements with all previous data shows that there have been no significant EDM changes at Ulawun during the network's operation (since November 1985). On the other hand, comparison of the latest dry tilt measurements with the previous measurements (March 1989) indicates considerable changes at stations on the upper flanks. Radial inflationary tilts of 80 and 45 µrad were recorded at stations 1.1 and 2.3 km respectively from the summit."
Geologic Background. The symmetrical basaltic-to-andesitic Ulawun stratovolcano is the highest volcano of the Bismarck arc, and one of Papua New Guinea's most frequently active. Ulawun volcano, also known as the Father, rises above the north coast of the island of New Britain across a low saddle NE of Bamus volcano, the South Son. The upper 1000 m of the 2334-m-high Ulawun volcano is unvegetated. A prominent E-W-trending escarpment on the south may be the result of large-scale slumping. Satellitic cones occupy the NW and eastern flanks. A steep-walled valley cuts the NW side of Ulawun volcano, and a flank lava-flow complex lies to the south of this valley. Historical eruptions date back to the beginning of the 18th century. Twentieth-century eruptions were mildly explosive until 1967, but after 1970 several larger eruptions produced lava flows and basaltic pyroclastic flows, greatly modifying the summit crater.
Information Contacts: P. de Saint-Ours, and C. McKee, RVO.