Report on Manam (Papua New Guinea) — September 1990
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 15, no. 9 (September 1990)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Manam (Papua New Guinea) Weak vapor emission; decrease in seismicity at mid-month
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1990. Report on Manam (Papua New Guinea). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 15:9. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199009-251020.
Papua New Guinea
4.08°S, 145.037°E; summit elev. 1807 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Following the ash eruption from Southern Crater on 28 August, visible activity rapidly returned to 'normal'. Throughout September, Southern Crater emitted variable amounts of white and occasionally blue vapour. Rumbling noises were heard from this crater on 1 September. Main Crater produced only white vapour, usually at low emission rates. Seismicity declined at about mid-month from ~1,200 to ~500 events/day. The amplitude of these events was at the normal inter-eruptive level. There were no significant tilt changes during September."
Geologic Background. The 10-km-wide island of Manam, lying 13 km off the northern coast of mainland Papua New Guinea, is one of the country's most active volcanoes. Four large radial valleys extend from the unvegetated summit of the conical 1807-m-high basaltic-andesitic stratovolcano to its lower flanks. These "avalanche valleys" channel lava flows and pyroclastic avalanches that have sometimes reached the coast. Five small satellitic centers are located near the island's shoreline on the northern, southern, and western sides. Two summit craters are present; both are active, although most historical eruptions have originated from the southern crater, concentrating eruptive products during much of the past century into the SE valley. Frequent historical eruptions, typically of mild-to-moderate scale, have been recorded since 1616. Occasional larger eruptions have produced pyroclastic flows and lava flows that reached flat-lying coastal areas and entered the sea, sometimes impacting populated areas.
Information Contacts: I. Itikarai and C. McKee, RVO.