Report on Irazu (Costa Rica) — December 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 12 (December 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Irazu (Costa Rica) Crater lake rises; fumaroles
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Irazu (Costa Rica). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:12. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199212-345060.
9.979°N, 83.852°W; summit elev. 3432 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The level of the turquoise-green crater lake continued to rise; the lake covered almost all of the crater bottom. Subaqueous fumaroles on the lake's N and SE edges remained active. Fumaroles on the main crater's N wall and on the NW part of the volcano maintained temperatures of about 90°C.
Geologic Background. Irazú, one of Costa Rica's most active volcanoes, rises immediately E of the capital city of San José. The massive volcano covers an area of 500 km2 and is vegetated to within a few hundred meters of its broad flat-topped summit crater complex. At least 10 satellitic cones are located on its S flank. No lava flows have been identified since the eruption of the massive Cervantes lava flows from S-flank vents about 14,000 years ago, and all known Holocene eruptions have been explosive. The focus of eruptions at the summit crater complex has migrated to the W towards the historically active crater, which contains a small lake of variable size and color. Although eruptions may have occurred around the time of the Spanish conquest, the first well-documented historical eruption occurred in 1723, and frequent explosive eruptions have occurred since. Ashfall from the last major eruption during 1963-65 caused significant disruption to San José and surrounding areas.
Information Contacts: E. Fernández and J. Barquero, OVSCIORI.