Report on Stromboli (Italy) — January 1995

Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 20, no. 1 (January 1995)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.

Stromboli (Italy) Seismicity low and stable in late 1994

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1995. Report on Stromboli (Italy). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 20:1. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199501-211040.

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Stromboli

Italy

38.789°N, 15.213°E; summit elev. 924 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


After the decrease in tremor intensity that characterized the first half of September, seismic activity generally remained stable from the end of September to mid-December (figure 38). Tremor intensity remained fairly constant, and the number of recorded events was consistently ~300/day. In contrast, the number of major events (ground speed >100 µm/s) started increasing in October and reached a maximum of 141 shocks on 14 November, which represents 38% of the total number of recorded events. This could suggest a greater source depth for the explosions, although visual observations are needed to support this hypothesis. The number of major shocks then decreased to "normal" values during late November and early December.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 38. Seismicity recorded at Stromboli, 1 October-9 December 1994. Open bars show the number of recorded events/day, the solid bars those with ground velocities >100 µm/s (instrument saturation level). The line shows daily tremor energy computed by averaging hourly 60-second samples. The seismic station is located 300 m from the craters at 800 m elevation. Courtesy of Roberto Carniel.

Geologic Background. Spectacular incandescent nighttime explosions at this volcano have long attracted visitors to the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Stromboli, the NE-most of the Aeolian Islands, has lent its name to the frequent mild explosive activity that has characterized its eruptions throughout much of historical time. The small, 924-m-high island is the emergent summit of a volcano that grew in two main eruptive cycles, the last of which formed the western portion of the island. The Neostromboli eruptive period from about 13,000 to 5000 years ago was followed by formation of the modern Stromboli edifice. The active summit vents are located at the head of the Sciara del Fuoco, a prominent horseshoe-shaped scarp formed about 5000 years ago as a result of the most recent of a series of slope failures that extend to below sea level. The modern volcano has been constructed within this scarp, which funnels pyroclastic ejecta and lava flows to the NW. Essentially continuous mild strombolian explosions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded for more than a millennium.

Information Contacts: R. Carniel, Univ di Udine.