Report on Karymsky (Russia) — May 1995
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 20, no. 5 (May 1995)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Karymsky (Russia) Increased seismicity in mid-April
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1995. Report on Karymsky (Russia). In: Venzke, E. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 20:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199505-300130.
54.049°N, 159.443°E; summit elev. 1513 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Increased seismicity was recorded below Karymsky during 8-14 April, although it is uncertain whether this increase is indicative of an eruption in the near future. A large fumarolic area lies near the summit.
The number of seismic stations has decreased recently, and Kamchatka Volcanic Eruptions Response Team operations are still suspended due to lack of funds.
Geologic Background. Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, located immediately south. The caldera enclosing Karymsky formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.
Information Contacts: Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry; Alaska Volcano Observatory.