Report on Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba (Japan) — October 1996
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 21, no. 10 (October 1996)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba (Japan) Water discoloration from submarine volcano observed in September
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1996. Report on Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba (Japan). In: Wunderman, R. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 21:10. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199610-284130.
24.285°N, 141.481°E; summit elev. -29 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 6 September, a Japan Maritime Safety Agency aviator reported yellow-green (in part yellowish brown) discoloration of seawater at Fukutoku-Okanoba over an area of 50 x 150 m, and to light green over a 300 x 500 m area. On 18 September green discoloration was seen by an aviator of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. Smaller areas of discolored seawater have been seen at this location since 24 November 1995 (BGVN 20:11/12, v. 21, nos.1 and 3-5).
Geologic Background. Fukutoku-Oka-no-ba is a submarine volcano located 5 km NE of the pyramidal island of Minami-Ioto. Water discoloration is frequently observed from the volcano, and several ephemeral islands have formed in the 20th century. The first of these formed Shin-Ioto ("New Sulfur Island") in 1904, and the most recent island was formed in 1986. The volcano is part of an elongated edifice with two major topographic highs trending NNW-SSE, and is a trachyandesitic volcano geochemically similar to Ioto.
Information Contacts: Volcanological Division, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan; Volcano Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute (ERI), University of Tokyo, Yayoi 1-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan (URL: http://www.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/VRC/index_E.html).