Report on Slamet (Indonesia) — November 2000
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 25, no. 11 (November 2000)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Slamet (Indonesia) During May-October 2000, continuous tremor and abundant explosion earthquakes
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2000. Report on Slamet (Indonesia). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 25:11. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN200011-263180.
7.242°S, 109.208°E; summit elev. 3428 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The following report covers mid-May to late October 2000. Activity increased during the third week of May when tremor events commonly reached amplitudes of 0.5-10 mm, and a white low-density plume rose 50-400 m above the summit. By the second week of June maximum tremor amplitudes reached 15 mm. A white gas-rich plume rose up to 200 m above the summit. In the last week of July, seismographs recorded 713 small explosion earthquakes along with tremor, and a dense white plume rose 300 m.
Similar activity persisted through mid-September, when tremor became continuous. The number of small explosion earthquakes increased; seismographs registered 3,244 events during 19-25 September, and 3,765 were registered during 26 September-2 October. A white, variable-density plume erupted continuously during the latter period. After 3 October, however, activity decreased significantly with explosion earthquakes decreasing in number to 199 during the next week. By mid-October both visual and instrumental monitoring confirmed a decrease in eruptive energy. Near the end of the month a low-density plume rose up to 300 m above the summit, but only volcanic tremor was recorded.
Geologic Background. Slamet, Java's second highest volcano at 3428 m and one of its most active, has a cluster of about three dozen cinder cones on its lower SE-NE flanks and a single cinder cone on the western flank. It is composed of two overlapping edifices, an older basaltic-andesite to andesitic volcano on the west and a younger basaltic to basaltic-andesite one on the east. Gunung Malang II cinder cone on the upper E flank on the younger edifice fed a lava flow that extends 6 km E. Four craters occur at the summit of Gunung Slamet, with activity migrating to the SW over time. Historical eruptions, recorded since the 18th century, have originated from a 150-m-deep, 450-m-wide, steep-walled crater at the western part of the summit and have consisted of explosive eruptions generally lasting a few days to a few weeks.
Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).