Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) — March 2004
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 29, no. 3 (March 2004)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Karangetang (Indonesia) Aviation report, stating ash to 7.5 km; seven MODIS alerts in ~ 1 year
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2004. Report on Karangetang (Indonesia). In: Wunderman, R (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 29:3. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN200403-267020.
2.781°N, 125.407°E; summit elev. 1797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre report stated that at 0630 UTC (1430 local time) on 18 July 2003 pilots saw a thick ash plume rising from the volcano to ~ 8.5 km altitude.
HIGP MODIS thermal-alert reports for the year to 13 April 2004 showed, subject to the limitations of thermal imaging (e.g. in times of heavy cloud), thermal activity at the volcano on 26 April, 7 and 30 May, 1 and 6 June, 21 July and 11 August 2003, and 2 April 2004.
Geologic Background. Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, north of Sulawesi. The stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. It is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented in the historical record (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World: Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts has also produced pyroclastic flows.
Information Contacts: HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/); Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, PO Box 40050, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia (URL: http://www.bom.gov.au/info/vacc/, Email: email@example.com).