Report on Asosan (Japan) — December 1977
Natural Science Event Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 12 (December 1977)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Asosan (Japan) Ash eruptions continue through November with some substantial ashfall
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1977. Report on Asosan (Japan). In: Squires, D. (ed.), Natural Science Event Bulletin, 2:12. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.NSEB197712-282110.
32.884°N, 131.104°E; summit elev. 1592 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A steam and ash cloud rose more than 300 m from Naka-dake at 0704 on 8 November. Ash ejections continued through the end of November, producing substantial ashfalls in and near the crater on 14 and 18 November.
Geologic Background. The 24-km-wide Asosan caldera was formed during four major explosive eruptions from 300,000 to 90,000 years ago. These produced voluminous pyroclastic flows that covered much of Kyushu. The last of these, the Aso-4 eruption, produced more than 600 km3 of airfall tephra and pyroclastic-flow deposits. A group of 17 central cones was constructed in the middle of the caldera, one of which, Nakadake, is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. It was the location of Japan's first documented historical eruption in 553 CE. The Nakadake complex has remained active throughout the Holocene. Several other cones have been active during the Holocene, including the Kometsuka scoria cone as recently as about 210 CE. Historical eruptions have largely consisted of basaltic to basaltic-andesite ash emission with periodic strombolian and phreatomagmatic activity. The summit crater of Nakadake is accessible by toll road and cable car, and is one of Kyushu's most popular tourist destinations.
Information Contacts: JMA.