Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — April 1980
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 4 (April 1980)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Poas (Costa Rica) Phreatic explosions end
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1980. Report on Poas (Costa Rica). In: Squires, D (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 5:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198004-345040.
10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2708 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The following is from Boletín de Vulcanología no. 7.
By January, the small phreatic explosions that began in September 1979 had ended. Activity in January and February was limited to emission of gases with a strong sulfur odor from the N wall of the central "dome." Fumarole temperatures ranged from 56 to 95°C. Mean lake water temperature dropped from 65°C in November 1979 to 55°C in January and 50°C in February. The lake was gray with green patches in January, but had turned to a turquoise color in February. The water level dropped about 30 cm between the January and February surveys.
Geologic Background. The broad, well-vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano, which is one of Costa Rica's most prominent natural landmarks, are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the 2708-m-high complex stratovolcano extends to the lower northern flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, is cold and clear and last erupted about 7500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since the first historical eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.
Information Contacts: J. Barquero H., Univ. Nacional, Heredia.