Report on Asamayama (Japan) — May 1982
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 5 (May 1982)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Asamayama (Japan) No further eruptions; vapor emission remains high
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1982. Report on Asamayama (Japan). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 7:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198205-283110.
36.406°N, 138.523°E; summit elev. 2568 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
After the 1-day eruption of 26 April, no further eruptions have been observed as of 31 May. Local seismicity has been at its normal level since March, except on the day of the eruption (figure 6). Vapor emission remained at a high level; plumes that rose more than 1,000 m above the summit were observed on 9, 15, and 23 May.
Geologic Background. Asamayama, Honshu's most active volcano, overlooks the resort town of Karuizawa, 140 km NW of Tokyo. The volcano is located at the junction of the Izu-Marianas and NE Japan volcanic arcs. The modern Maekake cone forms the summit and is situated east of the horseshoe-shaped remnant of an older andesitic volcano, Kurofuyama, which was destroyed by a late-Pleistocene landslide about 20,000 years before present (BP). Growth of a dacitic shield volcano was accompanied by pumiceous pyroclastic flows, the largest of which occurred about 14,000-11,000 BP, and by growth of the Ko-Asama-yama lava dome on the east flank. Maekake, capped by the Kamayama pyroclastic cone that forms the present summit, is probably only a few thousand years old and has an historical record dating back at least to the 11th century CE. Maekake has had several major plinian eruptions, the last two of which occurred in 1108 (Asamayama's largest Holocene eruption) and 1783 CE.
Information Contacts: JMA, Tokyo.