Report on Soufriere Guadeloupe (France) — March 1983

Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 3 (March 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Soufriere Guadeloupe (France) Water temperatures and chemistry

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Soufriere Guadeloupe (France). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:3. Smithsonian Institution.

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Soufriere Guadeloupe


16.044°N, 61.664°W; summit elev. 1467 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

A study of the geochemical evolution of Carbet l'Echelle spring, continued during 1981 and 1982 (figure 10). The water temperature decreased from 62.5°C in January 1981 to 50° in September 1982, while the concentration of HCO3 ions continued to increase (+ 30%). Moreover, although large variations in Cl concentration have been observed since 1979, the background level of Cl began to fall in September 1981 and was reduced by half in one year. Likewise, the concentration of F ions, which has oscillated around a constant value since the beginning of the survey, decreased slightly in late 1982. Water temperatures and chemistry remained nearly constant at the other springs monitored by this study.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 10. Changes in temperature (°C), HCO3 and Cl concentration (103 moles/liter), and F concentration (105 moles/liter) for Carbet l'Echelle spring, 500 m from the summit of Soufrière Guadeloupe, January 1981-September 1982.

Further References: Bigot, S., and Hammouya, G., 1987, Surveillance hydrogéochimique de la Soufrière de Guadeloupe, 1979-1985: Diminuition d'activité ou confinement?: C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 304, Série II, no. 13, p. 757-760.

Observations volcanologiques: Rapport d'Activite des Observatoires Volcanologiques des Antilles (Guadeloupe-Martinique) - November 1976-April 1977, April 1977-December 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, and 1983-1984: Institut de Physique du Globe, Paris.

Geologic Background. La Soufrière de la Guadeloupe volcano occupies the southern end of Basse-Terre, the western half of the butterfly-shaped island of Guadeloupe. Construction of the Grand Découverte volcano about 0.2 million years ago (Ma) was followed by caldera formation after a plinian eruption about 0.1 Ma, and then by construction of the Carmichaël volcano within the caldera. Two episodes of edifice collapse and associated large debris avalanches formed the Carmichaël and Amic craters about 11,500 and 3100 years ago, respectively. The presently active La Soufrière volcano subsequently grew within the Amic crater. The summit consists of a flat-topped lava dome, and several other domes occur on the southern flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from NW-SE-trending fissure systems that cut across the summit and upper flanks. A relatively minor phreatic eruption in 1976-77 caused severe economic disruption when Basse-Terre, the island's capital city, which lies immediately below the volcano, was evacuated.

Information Contacts: S. Bigot, Lab. de Géochemie, Paris; G. Hammouya, Lab. de Physique du Globe; J. Le Mouel, J. Cheminée, IPG, Paris.