Report on Pavlof (United States) — December 1983

Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 12 (December 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland

Pavlof (United States) Brief ash emission episodes

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Pavlof (United States). In: McClelland, L (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:12. Smithsonian Institution. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198312-312030.

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Pavlof

United States

55.417°N, 161.894°W; summit elev. 2493 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Activity continued through December. At 1400 on 15 December, an airline pilot observed a burst of ash from the volcano, producing a plume that drifted NW. Brief periods of ash emission separated by longer quiescent periods were continuing as of 28 December. These short eruptions produced plumes that dissipated after a few hours.

Geologic Background. The most active volcano of the Aleutian arc, Pavlof is a 2519-m-high Holocene stratovolcano that was constructed along a line of vents extending NE from the Emmons Lake caldera. Pavlof and its twin volcano to the NE, 2142-m-high Pavlof Sister, form a dramatic pair of symmetrical, glacier-covered stratovolcanoes that tower above Pavlof and Volcano bays. A third cone, Little Pavlof, is a smaller volcano on the SW flank of Pavlof volcano, near the rim of Emmons Lake caldera. Unlike Pavlof Sister, Pavlof has been frequently active in historical time, typically producing Strombolian to Vulcanian explosive eruptions from the summit vents and occasional lava flows. The active vents lie near the summit on the north and east sides. The largest historical eruption took place in 1911, at the end of a 5-year-long eruptive episode, when a fissure opened on the N flank, ejecting large blocks and issuing lava flows.

Information Contacts: M. E. Yount and T. Miller, USGS, Anchorage.