Report on Rota (Nicaragua) — February 1991
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 16, no. 2 (February 1991)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Rota (Nicaragua) No sign of activity despite seismic swarms in the late 1970's
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1991. Report on Rota (Nicaragua). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 16:2. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN199102-344060.
12.55°N, 86.75°W; summit elev. 832 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Seismic swarms, which occurred in the late 1970's, had indicated the possibility of an active magma chamber below the volcano. No sign of activity was detected during fieldwork. The most recent (but pre-historic) activity at Rota was a Plinian dacite eruption followed by andesite-dacite lava flows."
Geologic Background. The deeply eroded, forested Rota stratovolcano of Holocene age occupies the area between Cerro Negro volcano and the Telica volcanic complex in the central Marrabios Range. The 832-m-high volcano, also known as Orota, is truncated by a 1-km-wide circular crater whose rim is lowest on the southern side. The latest eruption from Rota produced thick andesitic lava flows from a NE-trending fissure NW of the summit. No historical eruptions are known from Volcán Rota, and Williams and McBirney (1965) considered the volcano to have been quiescent for many centuries. Seismic swarms occurred in 1986, 1989, and 1992. Two small NNW-SSE-trending lava domes, El Bosque (also known as Lomas San Ignacio del Bosque or Cerro Ojochal) are located on the plain 2 km north of the flank of Rota. They were constructed along the same trend as other eruptive fissures that extend transverse to the Marrabios Range volcanoes. An extensive lava field in this area was erupted from numerous small cones and maars.
Information Contacts: B. van Wyk de Vries, O. Castellón, A. Murales, and V. Tenorio, INETER, Apartado 1761, Managua, Nicaragua.