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Report on Arenal (Costa Rica) — 21 March-27 March 2001

Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 March-27 March 2001
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2001. Report on Arenal (Costa Rica). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 March-27 March 2001. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Volcano Profile |  Weekly Report (21 March-27 March 2001)


Arenal

Costa Rica

10.463°N, 84.703°W; summit elev. 1670 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


OVSICORI-UNA reported on 26 March that at least three pyroclastic-flow episodes occurred on 24 March between 1234 and 1342. Unlike previous pyroclastic flows, these descended the W flank. National Park guards observed the resulting ash clouds moving SW. There were no reports of injuries or damage.

Geologic Background. Conical Volcán Arenal is the youngest stratovolcano in Costa Rica and one of its most active. The 1670-m-high andesitic volcano towers above the eastern shores of Lake Arenal, which has been enlarged by a hydroelectric project. Arenal lies along a volcanic chain that has migrated to the NW from the late-Pleistocene Los Perdidos lava domes through the Pleistocene-to-Holocene Chato volcano, which contains a 500-m-wide, lake-filled summit crater. The earliest known eruptions of Arenal took place about 7000 years ago, and it was active concurrently with Cerro Chato until the activity of Chato ended about 3500 years ago. Growth of Arenal has been characterized by periodic major explosive eruptions at several-hundred-year intervals and periods of lava effusion that armor the cone. An eruptive period that began with a major explosive eruption in 1968 ended in December 2010; continuous explosive activity accompanied by slow lava effusion and the occasional emission of pyroclastic flows characterized the eruption from vents at the summit and on the upper western flank.

Source: Observatorio Vulcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica-Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA)