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Report on Tungurahua (Ecuador) — 25 April-1 May 2001

Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 25 April-1 May 2001
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2001. Report on Tungurahua (Ecuador). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 25 April-1 May 2001. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Volcano Profile |  Weekly Report (25 April-1 May 2001)


Tungurahua

Ecuador

1.467°S, 78.442°W; summit elev. 5023 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Based on information from the IG, the Washington VAAC reported that several small eruptions occurred at Tungurahua and that lahars were active in several sectors of the volcano. At 1600 on 25 April a pilot reported that ash was visible over the volcano at an altitude of ~7 km. Seismic activity indicated that brief eruptions occurred at 1230 on 28 April and at 1130 on 29 April, but extensive cloudiness prevented observations of the ash clouds. On 29 and 30 April lahars traveled to the Pampas, Cusuá, Hacienda, and Achupashal sectors and the river levels rose in the Ulba and Mandur sectors. The lahars in the Pampas sector blocked the Pelileo-Baños channel during 0710 to 1100 on 29 April and destroyed the highway. The IG warned that rainy conditions may cause more lahars and rising river levels near the volcano.

Geologic Background. Tungurahua, a steep-sided andesitic-dacitic stratovolcano that towers more than 3 km above its northern base, is one of Ecuador's most active volcanoes. Three major edifices have been sequentially constructed since the mid-Pleistocene over a basement of metamorphic rocks. Tungurahua II was built within the past 14,000 years following the collapse of the initial edifice. Tungurahua II itself collapsed about 3000 years ago and produced a large debris-avalanche deposit and a horseshoe-shaped caldera open to the west, inside which the modern glacier-capped stratovolcano (Tungurahua III) was constructed. Historical eruptions have all originated from the summit crater, accompanied by strong explosions and sometimes by pyroclastic flows and lava flows that reached populated areas at the volcano's base. Prior to a long-term eruption beginning in 1999 that caused the temporary evacuation of the city of Baños at the foot of the volcano, the last major eruption had occurred from 1916 to 1918, although minor activity continued until 1925.

Sources: Instituto Geofísico-Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IG), Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)