Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — 19 June-25 June 2002
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 June-25 June 2002
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2002. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 June-25 June 2002. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Shallow seismic activity declined during 14-21 June at Kliuchevskoi, but 10-15 earthquakes ~30 km beneath the volcano occurred daily, and weak spasmodic tremor continued to be registered during the week. By the end of the week, shallow seismic events occurred again. Low-level gas-and-steam clouds rose above the volcano on several days. No thermal anomalies or plumes were visible on satellite imagery. KVERT decreased the Concern Color Code at Kliuchevskoi from Yellow ("volcano is restless") to Green ("volcano is in quiet, "dormant" state").
Geologic Background. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.