Report on Veniaminof (United States) — 29 January-4 February 2003

Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 January-4 February 2003
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2003. Report on Veniaminof (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 January-4 February 2003. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

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Veniaminof

United States

56.17°N, 159.38°W; summit elev. 2507 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


The elevated seismicity that began at Veniaminof in mid-December 2002 continued through 24-31 January. Discrete seismic events occurred at rates up to 1-2 events per minute, although event rates and peak amplitudes decreased somewhat over the last 2 days. The Concern Color Code remained at Yellow.

Geologic Background. Massive Veniaminof volcano, one of the highest and largest volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula, is truncated by a steep-walled, 8 x 11 km, glacier-filled caldera that formed around 3700 years ago. The caldera rim is up to 520 m high on the north, is deeply notched on the west by Cone Glacier, and is covered by an ice sheet on the south. Post-caldera vents are located along a NW-SE zone bisecting the caldera that extends 55 km from near the Bering Sea coast, across the caldera, and down the Pacific flank. Historical eruptions probably all originated from the westernmost and most prominent of two intra-caldera cones, which reaches an elevation of 2156 m and rises about 300 m above the surrounding icefield. The other cone is larger, and has a summit crater or caldera that may reach 2.5 km in diameter, but is more subdued and barely rises above the glacier surface.

Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)