Report on Veniaminof (United States) — 9 April-15 April 2003
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 9 April-15 April 2003
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2003. Report on Veniaminof (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 9 April-15 April 2003. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
56.17°N, 159.38°W; summit elev. 2507 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismic activity remained at very low levels at Veniaminof during 4-11 April. Tremor was almost completely absent, and only a few low-frequency events were recorded. Satellite images during the week did not reveal any elevated surface temperatures, ash emissions, or ash deposits at the volcano. Due to the decline in seismicity, AVO lowered the Concern Color Code for Veniaminof from Yellow to Green. AVO stated that while Veniaminof is in its current state of activity, low-level steaming and minor ash emissions may periodically occur.
Geologic Background. Massive Veniaminof volcano, one of the highest and largest volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula, is truncated by a steep-walled, 8 x 11 km, glacier-filled caldera that formed around 3700 years ago. The caldera rim is up to 520 m high on the north, is deeply notched on the west by Cone Glacier, and is covered by an ice sheet on the south. Post-caldera vents are located along a NW-SE zone bisecting the caldera that extends 55 km from near the Bering Sea coast, across the caldera, and down the Pacific flank. Historical eruptions probably all originated from the westernmost and most prominent of two intra-caldera cones, which reaches an elevation of 2156 m and rises about 300 m above the surrounding icefield. The other cone is larger, and has a summit crater or caldera that may reach 2.5 km in diameter, but is more subdued and barely rises above the glacier surface.