Report on Veniaminof (United States) — 21 July-27 July 2004
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 July-27 July 2004
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2004. Report on Veniaminof (United States). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 21 July-27 July 2004. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
56.17°N, 159.38°W; summit elev. 2507 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Small steam-and-ash emissions were accompanied by periods of volcanic tremor at Veniaminof during 16-23 July. On 22 July at 1229, an AVO field crew witnessed a small ash burst rise a few hundred meters above the summit of the intracaldera cone. This type of activity prevailed at Veniaminof during the previous 3 months. During periods of repose in the report week, the cone produced variable amounts of white steam from at least two separate craters near its top. The snow-and-ice field over much of the caldera was covered with a discontinuous, 1- to 2-mm thick ash blanket. Veniaminof remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Geologic Background. Massive Veniaminof volcano, one of the highest and largest volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula, is truncated by a steep-walled, 8 x 11 km, glacier-filled caldera that formed around 3700 years ago. The caldera rim is up to 520 m high on the north, is deeply notched on the west by Cone Glacier, and is covered by an ice sheet on the south. Post-caldera vents are located along a NW-SE zone bisecting the caldera that extends 55 km from near the Bering Sea coast, across the caldera, and down the Pacific flank. Historical eruptions probably all originated from the westernmost and most prominent of two intra-caldera cones, which reaches an elevation of 2156 m and rises about 300 m above the surrounding icefield. The other cone is larger, and has a summit crater or caldera that may reach 2.5 km in diameter, but is more subdued and barely rises above the glacier surface.