Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) — 20 June-26 June 2007
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 20 June-26 June 2007
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2007. Report on Karangetang (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 20 June-26 June 2007. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
2.781°N, 125.407°E; summit elev. 1797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on visual observations, CVGHM reported that during 18-25 June ash plumes from Karangetang's main crater produced plumes that rose to an altitude of 2 km (6,600 ft) a.s.l. Activity at Crater II consisted of diffuse ash plumes that rose to an altitude of 1.8 km (5,900 ft) a.s.l. and incandescent ash that rose about 10 m. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
Geologic Background. Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, north of Sulawesi. The stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. It is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented in the historical record (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World: Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts has also produced pyroclastic flows.