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Report on Nabro (Eritrea) — 29 June-5 July 2011

Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 June-5 July 2011
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2011. Report on Nabro (Eritrea). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 June-5 July 2011. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Volcano Profile |  Weekly Report (29 June-5 July 2011)


Nabro

Eritrea

13.37°N, 41.7°E; summit elev. 2218 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


A satellite image of Nabro acquired on 29 June showed a clear view of the caldera and the vent within the active crater near the middle of the caldera. Lava flows to the W, and within the crater (E and S of the vent), continued to be hot. A brown ash plume rose from the vent and drifted S.

Geologic Background. The Nabro stratovolcano is the highest volcano in the Danakil depression of northern Ethiopia and Eritrea, at the SE end of the Danakil Alps. Nabro, along with Mallahle, Asavyo, and Sork Ale volcanoes, collectively comprise the Bidu volcanic complex SW of Dubbi volcano. This complex stratovolcano constructed primarily of trachytic lava flows and pyroclastics, is truncated by nested calderas 8 and 5 km in diameter. The larger caldera is widely breached to the SW. Rhyolitic obsidian domes and basaltic lava flows were erupted inside the caldera and on its flanks. Some very recent lava flows were erupted from NNW-trending fissures transverse to the trend of the volcanic range.

Source: NASA Earth Observatory