Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — 11 March-17 March 2015
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 11 March-17 March 2015
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2015. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 11 March-17 March 2015. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
After a quiet period of 24 hours at Klyuchevskoy, volcanic-tremor magnitude significantly increased at 0500 on 10 March prompting KVERT to raise the Aviation Color Code to Orange. Video images showed moderate gas-and-steam activity while satellite images detected a gas-and-steam plume with small amounts of ash drifting about 92 km ESE at an altitude of 5 km (16,400 ft) a.s.l. During 10-11 March a weak thermal anomaly over the summit was detected.
Geologic Background. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.