Report on Dukono (Indonesia) — 1 July-7 July 2015
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 1 July-7 July 2015
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2015. Report on Dukono (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 1 July-7 July 2015. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
1.693°N, 127.894°E; summit elev. 1229 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
PVMBG reported that during May-June white-and-gray plumes rose as high as 1.2 km above Dukono's Malupang Warirang Crater rim and were accompanied by rumbling and roaring. A powerful explosion on 23 May was followed by minor ashfall in areas to the E. During 1-5 July white-and-gray plumes rose as high as 600 m; minor ashfall was reported in northern areas on 1 July. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4). Residents and tourists were advised not to approach the crater within a radius of 2 km.
Based on analyses of satellite imagery and wind data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 31 June-3 July ash plumes rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 25-165 km NE. On 7 July ash plumes rose to an altitude of 1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 45 km NE.
Geologic Background. Reports from this remote volcano in northernmost Halmahera are rare, but Dukono has been one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. More-or-less continuous explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, occurred from 1933 until at least the mid-1990s, when routine observations were curtailed. During a major eruption in 1550, a lava flow filled in the strait between Halmahera and the north-flank cone of Gunung Mamuya. This complex volcano presents a broad, low profile with multiple summit peaks and overlapping craters. Malupang Wariang, 1 km SW of the summit crater complex, contains a 700 x 570 m crater that has also been active during historical time.