Report on Raung (Indonesia) — 19 October-25 October 2016
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 October-25 October 2016
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2016. Report on Raung (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 19 October-25 October 2016. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
8.119°S, 114.056°E; summit elev. 3260 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
PVMBG reported that, although inclement weather conditions often prevented visual observations of Raung during 1 June-19 October, white plumes were occasionally seen rising as high as 300 m above the crater. Seismicity fluctuated but continued to decrease, and then was stable. The Alert Level remained was lowered to 1 (on a scale of 1-4) on 20 October, and the public was reminded not to approach the crater.
Geologic Background. Raung, one of Java's most active volcanoes, is a massive stratovolcano in easternmost Java that was constructed SW of the rim of Ijen caldera. The unvegetated summit is truncated by a dramatic steep-walled, 2-km-wide caldera that has been the site of frequent historical eruptions. A prehistoric collapse of Gunung Gadung on the W flank produced a large debris avalanche that traveled 79 km, reaching nearly to the Indian Ocean. Raung contains several centers constructed along a NE-SW line, with Gunung Suket and Gunung Gadung stratovolcanoes being located to the NE and W, respectively.