Report on Turrialba (Costa Rica) — 31 May-6 June 2017
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 31 May-6 June 2017
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2017. Report on Turrialba (Costa Rica). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 31 May-6 June 2017. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
10.025°N, 83.767°W; summit elev. 3340 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
OVSICORI-UNA reported that volcano-tectonic amplitude at Turrialba fluctuated from low to moderate levels during 30-31 May. Plumes of water vapor, magmatic gases, and material rose no higher than 300 m above the crater rim, sporadically contained ash, and drifted NW. On 3 June at 1930 an event produced an ash plume that rose 300 m and drifted SW. The report noted that during the previous week ash emissions had been sporadic and not generated by explosions.
Geologic Background. Turrialba, the easternmost of Costa Rica's Holocene volcanoes, is a large vegetated basaltic-to-dacitic stratovolcano located across a broad saddle NE of Irazú volcano overlooking the city of Cartago. The massive edifice covers an area of 500 km2. Three well-defined craters occur at the upper SW end of a broad 800 x 2200 m summit depression that is breached to the NE. Most activity originated from the summit vent complex, but two pyroclastic cones are located on the SW flank. Five major explosive eruptions have occurred during the past 3500 years. A series of explosive eruptions during the 19th century were sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows. Fumarolic activity continues at the central and SW summit craters.