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Report on Ibu (Indonesia) — 26 September-2 October 2018

Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 26 September-2 October 2018
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2018. Report on Ibu (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 26 September-2 October 2018. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Volcano Profile |  Weekly Report (26 September-2 October 2018)


Ibu

Indonesia

1.488°N, 127.63°E; summit elev. 1325 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


Based on satellite images and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 28 and 30 September ash plumes from Ibu rose to 1.8 km (6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE and N.

Geologic Background. The truncated summit of Gunung Ibu stratovolcano along the NW coast of Halmahera Island has large nested summit craters. The inner crater, 1 km wide and 400 m deep, contained several small crater lakes through much of historical time. The outer crater, 1.2 km wide, is breached on the north side, creating a steep-walled valley. A large parasitic cone is located ENE of the summit. A smaller one to the WSW has fed a lava flow down the W flank. A group of maars is located below the N and W flanks. Only a few eruptions have been recorded in historical time, the first a small explosive eruption from the summit crater in 1911. An eruption producing a lava dome that eventually covered much of the floor of the inner summit crater began in December 1998.

Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)