Chaîne des Puys

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.775°N
  • 2.97°E

  • 1464 m
    4802 ft

  • 210020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Chaîne des Puys.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Chaîne des Puys.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Chaîne des Puys.

The Chaîne des Puys, prominent in the history of volcanology, form a N-S-trending chain of basaltic and trachytic cinder cones, basaltic maars, and trachytic lava domes in France's Massif Central that has been active into the Holocene. Construction of the present-day Chaîne des Puys began about 70,000 years before present (BP), and was largely completed by the beginning of the Holocene. Holocene eruptions constructed lava domes such as the Puy de Dôme, whose growth was accompanied by pyroclastic flows, cinder cones that fed lengthy lava flows, and maars. The latest well-documented activity took place about 6000 years BP near Besse-en-Chandesse and included the powerful explosions that formed the Lac Pavin maar. The dating of younger tephras has not yet been confirmed, and reports of historical eruptions as late as 1000 years BP have been discredited.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
4040 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Montcineyre, Estivadoux, Pavin
5760 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy de Come, Puy Montchier
6020 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Puy de Lassolas, Puy de la Vache
6250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy de Pariou
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Puys Chopine, Vasset, Cratère Kilian
7020 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Taphanel tephra
7740 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy Mey
7840 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Western Puy de Dôme

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Auvergne, Monts d'


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Balmet, Puy Cone
Bannieres, Puy des Cone 967 m 45° 53' 0" N 2° 57' 29" E
Barme, Puy de Cone 1102 m 45° 44' 0" N 2° 56' 0" E
Chalard, Puy Cone 840 m 45° 58' 0" N 2° 58' 30" E
Charmont, Puy de Cone 1138 m 45° 41' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Chaumont, Puy de Cone 1111 m 45° 50' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Combegrasse, Puy de Cone 1120 m 45° 40' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Come, Puy de Cone 1253 m 45° 48' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Coquille, Puy de la Cone 1152 m 45° 50' 31" N 2° 58' 0" E
Espinasse, Puy d' Cone 952 m 45° 52' 30" N 2° 57' 29" E
Fraisse, Puy de Cone 1120 m 45° 48' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Gonnard, Puy Cone 854 m 45° 54' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Goules, Puy de Cone 1146 m 45° 49' 0" N 2° 59' 0" E
Goulie, Puy de la Cone 944 m 45° 52' 30" N 2° 58' 0" E
Gouttes, Puy de Cone 1134 m 45° 50' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Grand Suchet, Le Cone 1231 m 45° 47' 31" N 2° 57' 0" E
Jumes, Puy de Cone 1161 m 45° 51' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Lantegy, Puy de Cone
Laschamp, Puy de Cone 1255 m 45° 44' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Lassolas, Puy de Cone 1187 m 45° 43' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Louchadiere, Puy de Cone 1198 m 45° 51' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Mercoeur, Puy de Cone 1249 m 45° 43' 0" N 2° 57' 29" E
Mey, Puy de Cone 1136 m 45° 43' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Montchal, Puy de Cone 1094 m 45° 42' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Montchier, Puy Cone 1210 m 45° 45' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Montcineyre, Puy de Cone
Montenard, Puy de Cone
Montgy, Puy de Cone 1131 m 45° 42' 0" N 2° 56' 0" E
Montjugeat, Puy de Cone 1142 m 45° 42' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Nugere, Puy de la Cone 988 m 45° 52' 0" N 2° 59' 0" E
Pariou, Puy de Cone 1209 m 45° 48' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Paugnat, Puy de Cone 898 m 45° 53' 0" N 2° 59' 0" E
Pelat, Puy Cone 1208 m 45° 43' 30" N 2° 57' 0" E
Petit Puy de Dome Cone 1264 m 45° 47' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Petit Sarcoui Cone 1038 m 45° 50' 0" N 2° 59' 0" E
Poucharet, Puy de Cone 1164 m 45° 43' 0" N 2° 56' 0" E
Rodde, Puy de la Cone 1127 m 45° 40' 0" N 2° 57' 29" E
Tartaret Cone
Taupe, Puy de la Cone 1074 m 45° 41' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Tenusset, Puy de
    Tunisset, Puy de
Cone 1056 m 45° 51' 29" N 2° 58' 0" E
Thiolet, Puy
    Verrieres, Puy de
Cone 937 m 45° 54' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Toupe, Puy de la Cone
Tressous, Puy de
    Trois Sols, Puy des
Cone 983 m 45° 52' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Vache, Puy de la Cone 1167 m 45° 42' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Vichatel, Puy de Cone 1094 m 45° 42' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Anchal, Maar d' Maar 750 m
Beauloup, Maar de Maar 840 m 45° 50' 0" N 2° 54' 0" E
Beaunit, Cratere de Maar 835 m 45° 54' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Ceyssat, Maar de Maar 860 m 45° 46' 0" N 2° 54' 0" E
Clermont Chamalieres Maar 390 m 45° 47' 0" N 3° 5' 0" E
Enval, Maar d' Maar 911 m 45° 46' 0" N 3° 0' 0" E
Estivadoux, Maar d' Maar
Montchatre, Maar de Maar 920 m 45° 48' 0" N 3° 0' 0" E
Narse D'ampoix Maar 1050 m 45° 40' 0" N 2° 56' 0" E
Narse D'espinsasse Maar 1086 m 45° 39' 0" N 2° 56' 0" E
Pavin Maar
Saint-Hippolyte, Cratere de Maar 501 m 45° 54' 29" N 3° 4' 0" E
Tazenat Maar 713 m 45° 59' 0" N 2° 59' 31" E
Villars, Maar de Maar 750 m 45° 47' 0" N 3° 2' 0" E
Volvic, Maar de Maar 732 m 45° 52' 0" N 3° 2' 0" E


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Chopine, Puy Dome 1181 m 45° 50' 0" N 2° 57' 0" E
Clierzou Dome 1197 m 45° 48' 0" N 2° 58' 0" E
Dome, Puy de Dome 840 m 45° 46' 30" N 2° 58' 0" E
Grand Sarcoui Dome 1147 m 45° 49' 0" N 2° 59' 0" E
Kilian Cratere Dome
l'Aumone, Puy de
    Petit Suchet
Dome 1198 m 45° 47' 31" N 2° 58' 0" E
Vasset, Puy Dome
The Chaîne des Puys form a N-S-trending chain of cinder cones, maars, and lava domes in the Auvergne region of France. The Puy de Pariou crater in the foreground is a cinder cone that grew about 8200 years ago within an earlier tuff ring, whose rim appears immediately behind Pariou crater. A lava flow from Puy de Pariou traveled 8 km west to near the edge of the present-day city of Clermont-Ferrand. The sharper peak in the background is Puy de Chopine, whose complex history ended with domal uplift.

Photo by Loïc Jahan (Parc de Volcans, published in Green and Short, 1971).
The southern flanks of 1464-m-high Puy de Dôme, the highest peak of the Chaîne des Puys volcanic chain, rise above farmlands. Puy de Dôme originated during a series of eruptions about 10,000 years ago. Explosive destruction of the eastern side (right) of a massive lava dome was followed by growth of a second dome. Crumbling of a spine capping the second dome formed the low mound of breccia at the summit of Puy de Dôme, which has been covered by a pyroclastic-flow deposit from nearby Killian volcano.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).
The central part of the Chaîne des Puys volcanic chain in the Auvergne region of France is seen from the SW. Puy de Dôme is the rounded peak in the center, Puy de Côme is at the left, and Puy de Laschamp is the scoria cone at the right. The N-S-trending chain of basaltic and trachytic cinder cones, basaltic maars, and trachytic lava domes in France's Massif Central has been active into the Holocene. The latest well-documented activity took place about 6000 years ago.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Brousse R, 1973. Le volcanisme Quaternaire en France-chronologie des differentes phase eruptives de la Chaine des Puys au Quaternaire recent. Internatl Quat Assoc (INQUA) Cong, 9: 105-109.

de Goer A, Boivin P, Camus G, Gourgaud A, Kieffer G, Mergoil J, Vincent P M, 1991. Volcanologie de la Chaine des Puys. Paris: Inst Geog Natl, 127 p and 1:25,000 geol map.

Geunet P, 1986. Datation par l'analyse pollinique de l'explosion des volcans du groupe Pavin (Besse-en-Chandesse, Puy-de-Dome, France). 11 Reun Ann Sci Terre, Clermont-Ferrand, Ed Soc Geol France, p 85.

Guerin G, 1989. La thermoluminescence des plagioclases, methode de datation du volcanisme. Application au domaine volcanique Francais: Chaine des Puys, Monts-Dore, Cezallier, Bas-Vivarais. Unpublished PhD thesis, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie, 253 p.

Hetier J M, Guillet B, Brousse R, Delibrias G, Maury R C, 1983. 14-C dating of buried soils in the volcanic Chaine des Puys (France). Bull Volc, 46: 193-202.

Juvigne E, Bastin B, Beaulieu J L de, Etlicher M, Gewelt M, Gilot E, Goeury C, Janssen C R, Milcamps V, Van Leeuwen J, 1990. Tephrostratigraphy of the late glacial and the Holocene of the French Massif Central based on investigations in peat-bogs. IAVCEI 1990 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Abs, (unpaginated).

Krafft M, 1974. Guide des Volcans d'Europe. Neuchatel: Delachaux & Niestle, 412 p.

Pelletier H, Delibrias G, Labeyrie J, Perquis M T, Rudel A, 1959. Mesure de l'age d'une des coulees volcaniques issues du Puy de la Vache (Puy de Dome) par la methode du carbone 14. CR Acad Sci Paris, Series-D, 214: 2221.

Rutten M G, 1969. The Geology of Western Europe. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 520 p.

Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)
Cinder cone(s)
Maar(s)

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Minor
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
323,392
323,392
427,221
1,577,243

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Chaîne des Puys Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.