Chaine des Puys

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.775°N
  • 2.97°E

  • 1464 m
    4802 ft

  • 210020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Chaine des Puys.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Chaine des Puys.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Chaine des Puys.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
4040 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Montcineyre, Estivadoux, Pavin
5760 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy de Come, Puy Montchier
6020 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Puy de Lassolas, Puy de la Vache
6250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy de Pariou
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Puys Chopine, Vasset, Cratère Kilian
7020 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Taphanel tephra
7740 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Thermoluminescence Puy Mey
7840 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Western Puy de Dôme

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The Chaîne des Puys form a N-S-trending chain of cinder cones, maars, and lava domes in the Auvergne region of France. The Puy de Pariou crater in the foreground is a cinder cone that grew about 8200 years ago within an earlier tuff ring, whose rim appears immediately behind Pariou crater. A lava flow from Puy de Pariou traveled 8 km west to near the edge of the present-day city of Clermont-Ferrand. The sharper peak in the background is Puy de Chopine, whose complex history ended with domal uplift.

Photo by Loïc Jahan (Parc de Volcans, published in Green and Short, 1971).
See title for photo information.
The southern flanks of 1464-m-high Puy de Dôme, the highest peak of the Chaîne des Puys volcanic chain, rise above farmlands. Puy de Dôme originated during a series of eruptions about 10,000 years ago. Explosive destruction of the eastern side (right) of a massive lava dome was followed by growth of a second dome. Crumbling of a spine capping the second dome formed the low mound of breccia at the summit of Puy de Dôme, which has been covered by a pyroclastic-flow deposit from nearby Killian volcano.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).
See title for photo information.
The central part of the Chaîne des Puys volcanic chain in the Auvergne region of France is seen from the SW. Puy de Dôme is the rounded peak in the center, Puy de Côme is at the left, and Puy de Laschamp is the scoria cone at the right. The N-S-trending chain of basaltic and trachytic cinder cones, basaltic maars, and trachytic lava domes in France's Massif Central has been active into the Holocene. The latest well-documented activity took place about 6000 years ago.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 12 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 114971-38 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-39 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-40 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-41 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-42 Basalt
NMNH 114971-43 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-44 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-45 Ultramafic nodule
NMNH 114971-46 Basalt
NMNH 116691-1 Basalt volcanic bomb
NMNH 116691-1 Basalt volcanic bomb
NMNH 60678 Bomb

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