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Porak

Photo of this volcano
  • Armenia-Azerbaijan
  • Mediterranean and Western Asia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 778 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 40.028°N
  • 45.74°E

  • 3029 m
    9938 ft

  • 214090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Porak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Porak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Porak.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 3 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 0740 BCE ± 2 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
0778 BCE ± 5 years Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology SW flank
4510 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Porak.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Porak.

Photo Gallery

A blocky lava flow extends across the foreground from a pyroclastic cone of the Porak volcanic field, located along the Vardeniss volcanic ridge about 20 km SE of Lake Sevan. The volcanic field straddles the Armenia/Azerbaijan border, and lava flows extend into both countries. This lava flow is the youngest of the volcanic field. Another flow from the same cone (located in Armenia) flowed into Lake Alagyol in Azerbaijan. Archaeological and historical evidence indicates several eruptions occurred during the Holocene.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 2004 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Turkey, USSR (SW)
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Navigation
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Turkey, USSR (SW)

Title: Iran, Iraq, USSR (SW)
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Navigation
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Iran, Iraq, USSR (SW)

Title: Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon

Title: Southwest Asia
Publisher: US Central Intelligence Agency
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1980
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:3,000
Map of Southwest Asia

Title: Savalan Mountain
Publisher: USAF Aeronautical Chart and Information Service
Country: Iran
Year: 1956
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Savalan Mountain

Title: Nakhichevan
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Azerbaydzhan
Year: 1954
Series: AMS N501
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Nakhichevan

Title: Clermont-Ferrand
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: France
Year: 1943
Series: AMS M661
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Clermont-Ferrand

Title: Mandali
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Iran/Iraq
Year: 1942
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:253,440
Map of Mandali
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 3 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 117574-126 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117574-127 Basalt -- --
NMNH 117574-128 Basalt -- --
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