Jabal ad Druze

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 32.658°N
  • 36.425°E

  • 1803 m
    5914 ft

  • 230060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Jabal ad Druze.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Jabal ad Druze.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Jabal ad Druze.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
230060

Unknown - Evidence Credible

1803 m / 5914 ft

32.658°N
36.425°E

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,487,860
1,487,860
1,487,860
11,417,875

Geological Summary

The Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria, lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The most prominent feature of this volcanic field is 1803-m-high Jabal ad Druze (also known variously as Djebel Al-Arab, Jabal ed Duruz, Jabal al Druz, Jebel Duraz, Djebel ed Drouz). The alkaline volcanic field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene. The large SW Plateau depression is filled by basaltic lava flows from volcanoes aligned in a NW-SE direction. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria through NW Jordan to Saudi Arabia.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bender F, 1975. Geology of the Arabian Peninsula - Jordan. U S Geol Surv Prof Pap, 560-I: 1-36.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Krienitz M-S, Haase K M, Mezger K, Shaikh-Mashail M A, 2007. Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah volcanic field (southern Syria). J Petr, 48: 1513-1542.

Mouty M, Delaloye M, Fontignie D, Piskin O, Wagner J-J, 1992. The volcanic activity in Syria and Lebanon between Jurassic and Actual. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt: 72: 91-105.

Shaw J E, Baker J A, Menzies M A, Thirlwall M F, Ibrahim K M, 2003. Petrogenesis of the largest intraplate volcanic field on the Arabian Plate (Jordan): a mixed lithosphere-asthenosphere source activated by lithospheric extension. J Petr, 44: 1657-1679.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Jabal ad Druze. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Jabal ad Druze page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Al-Arab, Djebel | Druz, Jabal al | Duruz, Jabal ed | Duraz, Jebel | Drouz, Djebel ed

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Qeni, Tell Cone

Photo Gallery


Snow-capped Tell Qeni is the highest point of the Jabal ad Druze volcanic field, the southernmost in Syria. It lies in the Haurun-Druze Plateau in SW Syria near the border with Jordan. The most prominent feature of this volcanic field is 1803-m-high Jabal ad Druze. The alkaline volcanic field consists of a group of 118 basaltic volcanoes active from the lower-Pleistocene to the Holocene.

Anonymous photo by Wikipedia user KFZI310, 2006.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Jabal ad Druze Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.