Nosy-Be

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.32°S
  • 48.48°E

  • 214 m
    702 ft

  • 233012
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nosy-Be.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nosy-Be.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nosy-Be.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
233012

Unknown - Evidence Credible

214 m / 702 ft

13.32°S
48.48°E

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Maar(s)

Rock Types

Major
Foidite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Rhyolite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
14,015
14,015
61,656
396,548

Geological Summary

Nosy-Be island off the NW coast of Madagascar contains very recent basaltic lava flows from well-preserved cinder cones. Many large crater lakes are found in the central part of the island. Nosy-Be volcanics, which are dominantly of low-silica foiditic compositions, overlie Mesozoic limestones and other sedimentary rocks. Two periods of activity occurred at Nosy-Be. Initial eruptions of fluid lava flows from the western side of the massif were followed by the construction of numerous strombolian cinder cones on the western plain. Little is known about the age of the volcanic field, and the only K-Ar dates are Tertiary in age, but the Nosy-Be volcanics were mapped as Recent (Besairie, 1973).

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Besairie H J, 1973. Precis de geologie Malgache. Annales Geol Madagascar, 36: 1-141.

Melluso L, Morra V, 2000. Petrogenesis of Late Cenozoic mafic alkaline rocks of the Nosy Be archipelago (northern Madagascar): relationships with the Comorean magmatism. J Volc Geotherm Res, 96: 129-142.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Nosy-Be. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Nosy-Be page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Nossi Be

Photo Gallery


Cinder cones line the shores of Nosy-Be island off the NW coast of Madagascar. The youthful-looking cones have produced very recent basaltic lava flows. Many large crater lakes are found in the central part of the island. Nosy-Be volcanics overlie Mesozoic limestones and other sedimentary rocks. Two periods of activity occurred at Nosy-Be. Initial eruptions of fluid lava flows from the western side of the massif were followed by the construction of numerous strombolian cinder cones on the western plain.

Copyrighted photo by Steve and Donna O'Meara, 2002.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Nosy-Be Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.