Kaikohe-Bay of Islands

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 35.3°S
  • 173.9°E

  • 388 m
    1273 ft

  • 241010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kaikohe-Bay of Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kaikohe-Bay of Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kaikohe-Bay of Islands.

The Kaikohe-Bay of Islands volcanic field at the upper end of the Northland Peninsula contains 30 Pleistocene to upper-Holocene eruptive centers, consisting primarily of basaltic scoria cones, lava flows, and small shield volcanoes, along with minor rhyolitic lava flows and domes. The field lies at the northern end of the Northland Intraplate Province, and volcanism has progressively shifted to the SE, with the younger Taheke Basalts being aligned along a NE trend at the southern end of the volcanic field. The most recent eruption produced explosive activity and lava flows from four well-preserved scoria cones at Te Puke about 1300-1800 years ago, although the precise date of the most recent eruption remains uncertain. Hot springs occur at three locations, including near Lake Omapere, which was dammed by lava flows.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0400 ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Te Puke

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Bay of Islands

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kaikohe Cone 282 m 35° 25' 0" S 173° 47' 0" E
Kawiti Cone 123 m 35° 25' 0" S 173° 58' 0" E
Keri Cone 35° 15' 0" S 173° 57' 0" E
Manginangina Cone 35° 12' 0" S 173° 48' 0" E
Maungakawakawa Cone 35° 21' 0" S 173° 51' 0" E
Maungaturoto Cone 283 m 35° 23' 0" S 173° 53' 0" E
Ngahuha Cone 183 m 35° 23' 0" S 173° 58' 0" E
Okaihau Cone 35° 17' 0" S 173° 50' 0" E
Omapere Cone 35° 23' 0" S 173° 48' 0" E
Otoroa Cone 35° 5' 0" S 173° 52' 0" E
Pahangahanga Cone 35° 19' 0" S 173° 54' 0" E
Poerua Cone 273 m 35° 23' 0" S 173° 56' 0" E
Puketutu Cone 101 m 35° 18' 0" S 173° 59' 0" E
Purerua Cone 35° 8' 0" S 174° 0' 0" E
Tahoranui Cone 35° 9' 0" S 173° 53' 0" E
Takou Cone 35° 8' 0" S 173° 52' 0" E
Tauanui Cone 350 m 35° 30' 0" S 173° 52' 0" E
Te Ahuahu Cone 378 m 35° 21' 0" S 173° 50' 0" E
Te Pene Cone 35° 4' 0" S 173° 54' 0" E
Te Puke Cone 135 m 35° 15' 0" S 174° 2' 0" E
Te Whau Cone 35° 9' 0" S 173° 53' 0" E
Waimate Cone 35° 18' 0" S 173° 52' 0" E
Waimimiti Cone 388 m 35° 23' 0" S 173° 50' 0" E

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Putahi Dome 385 m 35° 23' 0" S 173° 49' 0" E

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ngawha Hot Springs Hot Spring 35° 24' 0" S 173° 52' 0" E
This basaltic scoria cone is one of 30 Pleistocene to upper-Holocene eruptive centers in the Kaikohe-Bay of Islands volcanic field near the tip of the Northland Peninsula in NW-most North Island, New Zealand. The most recent eruptions produced scoria cones and lava flows near Te Puke about 1300-1800 years ago. The volcanic field also contains small shield volcanoes, along with minor rhyolitic lava flows and domes.

Photo by Jim Cole (University of Canterbury).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Ashcroft J, 1986. The Kerikeri Volcanics: a basalt-Pantellerite association in Northland. Roy Soc New Zeal Bull, 23: 48-63.

Heming R F, 1980. Patterns of Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the northern North Island, New Zealand. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 23: 335-344.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Johnson R W, Knutson J, Taylor S R (eds), 1989. Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 408 p.

Kear D, Thompson B N, 1964. Volcanic risk in Northland. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 7: 87-93.

Nairn I A, Cole J W, 1975. New Zealand. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 22: 1-156.

Smith I E, Day R A, Ashcroft J, 1986. Volcanic associations of Northland (Tour Guide A4). New Zeal Geol Surv Rec, 12: 5-32.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Rhyolite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
13,786
13,786
18,679
133,899

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kaikohe-Bay of Islands Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.