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Taranaki [Egmont]

Photo of this volcano
  • New Zealand
  • New Zealand to Fiji
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1854 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 39.3°S
  • 174.07°E

  • 2518 m
    8261 ft

  • 241030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Taranaki [Egmont].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Taranaki [Egmont].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Taranaki [Egmont].

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 43 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1854 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1800 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
1755 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Dendrochronology Tahurangi Ash
1700 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1655 (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Dendrochronology Burrell Lapilli
1590 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1570 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1560 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1550 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1500 ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Newall Ash
1480 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1400 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1340 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1300 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1070 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0970 ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0820 ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0550 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Kaupokonui tephra
0520 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0390 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0150 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology
0100 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0040 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Maketawa Tephra
0150 BCE ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0420 BCE ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0590 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
1130 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Fanthams Peak, Manganui Tephra
1190 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Southern Beehive
1560 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1700 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Inglewood Tephra
2150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Korito Tephra
2400 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2450 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Mangatoki Tephra
2700 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Tariki tephra
2850 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
3250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Waipuku tephra
5120 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
7000 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Kaponga-f tephra
7270 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
7330 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Kaponga-e tephra
7650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Kaponga-b tephra
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Taranaki [Egmont].

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Taranaki [Egmont].

Photo Gallery

Symmetrical Taranaki (Egmont) volcano dominates the western coast of New Zealand's North Island. The 2518-m stratovolcano, seen here from the south, is surrounded by a ring plain of debris avalanche and lahar deposits produced by repetitive collapse of the volcanic edifice. Taranaki (Egmont) has been active throughout the Holocene. The latest eruption of Taranaki took place in 1854 CE.

Photo by Jim Cole (University of Canterbury).
See title for photo information.
Tarankai (Egmont) volcano has a breached summit crater that is occupied by a partially destroyed lava plug. This view from the SE shows the stacked lava flows that form much of the cone, with the vegetated slopes of the parasitic volcano, Fanthams Peak, at the left. Both Taranaki, the Maori name, and Egmont, the name assigned by Captain Cook, are used for the volcano.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1986(U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Grass-covered conical hills dot the plains around Mount Taranaki (Egmont), on New Zealand's North Island. Small hills such as these, often located in lowland areas well beyond the flanks of a volcano, were once thought to be cinder cones or small secondary vents produced by explosions when a lava flow passed over a body of water. They now are known to be hummocks of massive debris avalanches produced by volcanic landslides. Debris-avalanche deposits originating from repetitive collapse surround the volcano to distances of about 40 km.

Photo by Don Swanson, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The pasture-covered, hilly terrain in the foreground is part of a vast ring plain of debris-avalanche and lahar deposits that surrounds Mount Taranaki (Egmont). Repetitive collapse of the volcano during the late Pleistocene and Holocene produced debris avalanches that reached the western coast, nearly 40 km from the volcano.

Photo by Dan Miller (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
An aerial view from the south shows Mount Taranaki (Egmont), with its parasitic volcano of Fanthams Peak at the lower right. The summit of Taranaki contains a partially destroyed lava dome; four other lava domes are located low on the south and north flanks. Taranaki volcano collapsed and rebuilt itself repetitively during the late Pleistocene and Holocene.

Photo by Jim Cole, 1971 (University of Canterbury).
See title for photo information.
Taranaki volcano, seen here from the SW, rises to 2518 m above the Taranaki ring plain, with its parasitic volcano Fanthams Peak on the left. Taranaki (Egmont) is the youngest and SE-most of a group of volcanoes beginning with the Kaitoke Range, near the west coast of North Island. Tarananki has been active during the past 125,000 years. Its most recent activity, during the 15th to 19th centuries, included the eruption of airfall tephra, pyroclastic flows that traveled to the NW, and emplacement of the summit lava dome.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1986 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Mount Taranaki volcano is the centerpiece of Egmont National Park on the western side of the North Island of New Zealand. Farmlands surrounding the volcano extend to the boundaries of the national park, leaving a circular pattern prominent from space. The Pleistocene Kaitoke Range forms the topographic high WNW of Taranaki.

Photo courtesy of NASA (www.earthobservatory.nasa.gov).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: New Zealand Geol
Publisher: NZGS, DSIR (Dept Scientific & Industrial Research)
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of New Zealand Geol
Title: New Zealand Topo Map
Publisher: Department of Lands and Survey New Zealand
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1983
Series: NZMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of New Zealand Topo Map
Title: New Plymouth
Publisher: NZGS, DSIR (Dept Scientific & Industrial Research)
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1979
Series: N Plmth, Egmont, Manaia
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of New Plymouth
Title: Late Quaternary Tectonic Map of New Zealand
Publisher: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1977
Series: Misc Map Series
Map Type: Geology (Tectonic)
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Late Quaternary Tectonic Map of New Zealand
Title: Taranaki
Publisher: NZGS, DSIR (Dept Scientific & Industrial Research)
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1975
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Taranaki
Title: N Island, Geol Map of NZ
Publisher: NZGS, DSIR (Dept Scientific & Industrial Research)
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1975
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of N Island, Geol Map of NZ
Title: N Island, Quaternary Geol
Publisher: NZGS
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1973
Series: Misc
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of N Island, Quaternary Geol
Title: Mokau
Publisher: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1973
Series: Coastal
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Mokau
Title: Quaternary Geology-North Island
Publisher: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1973
Series: Misc Map Series
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Quaternary Geology-North Island
Title: New Zealand
Publisher: US Central Intelligence Agency
Country: New Zealand
Year: 1971
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:7,500
Map of New Zealand
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Taranaki [Egmont] in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites