Mundua

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 4.63°S
  • 149.35°E

  • 179 m
    587 ft

  • 252021
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Mundua.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Mundua.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Mundua.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
252021

Unknown - Evidence Credible

179 m / 587 ft

4.63°S
149.35°E

Volcano Types

Complex

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
489
501
6,406
9,419

Geological Summary

A cluster of basaltic volcanoes forms the Mundua Islands. The largest volcanic center is formed by the western tip of the 7-km-wide, linear Mundua Island and the arcuate Wingoru Island immediately to the west. The crater of this volcano is flooded by the sea through narrow channels on the northern and southern sides; remnants of crater walls form Wingoru island and are exposed at the western tip of Mundua island. Five small cones occupy the central and eastern sides of Mundua. Two of these have well-preserved craters and are of Holocene age (Johnson and Blake, 1972).

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Johnson R W, 1990. (pers. comm.).

Johnson R W, Arculus R J, 1978. Volcanic rocks of the Witu Islands, Papua New Guinea: the origin of magmas above the deepest part of the New Britain Benioff zone. Bull Volc, 41: 609-655.

Johnson R W, Blake D H, 1972. The Cape Hoskins area, southern Willaumez Peninsula, the Witu Islands, and associated volcanic centres, New Britain: volcanic geology and petrology. Aust Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Rec, 1972/133: 1-102.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Mundua. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Mundua page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Silenge Island
    Chilling Island
Cone 67 m 4° 39' 0" S 149° 19' 0" E
Undaga Island
    Undaka Island
Cone 49 m 4° 37' 0" S 149° 17' 0" E
Vambu Island
    Wambu Island
Cone 103 m 4° 39' 0" S 149° 18' 0" E

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Goru
    Wingoru
Crater 4° 38' 0" S 149° 19' 0" E

Photo Gallery


A cluster of basaltic volcanoes forms the Mundua Islands, north of New Britain. The largest volcanic center is formed by the western tip of the 7-km-wide, Mundua Island and the arcuate Wingoru Island immediately to the west (left of the large cloud banks at the SW side of Mundua). The crater of this volcano is flooded by the sea through narrow channels on the northern and southern sides. Small cones can be seen on the eastern side of Mundua. The western tip of Garove Island is visible at the lower right in this NASA Landsat image.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Mundua Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.