North Vate

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.47°S
  • 168.353°E

  • 594 m
    1948 ft

  • 257081
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for North Vate.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for North Vate.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for North Vate.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

594 m / 1948 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The islands of Nguna, Pele, and Emau, north of Vate Island (also known as Efaté), have been variously mapped as Pleistocene and Pleistocene to Holocene. Late-Pleistocene to Holocene eruptions constructed composite basaltic cones with well-preserved craters. Largely submarine calderas north of Vate Island of varying sizes have been inferred, ranging from a large caldera whose southern rim is defined by the islands of Nguna, Pele, and Emao to a smaller caldera, but their submarine morphology is difficult to define. Pumiceous deposits of the Efaté Pumice Formation cover much of Vate (Efaté) Island and record a major trachydacitic explosive eruption about 1 million years ago that originated from a submarine vent somewhere north of the island.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Crawford A J, Greene H G, Exon N F, 1988. Geology, petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanoes around Epi Island, New Hebrides island arc. In: Greene H G and Wong F L (eds) {Geology and Offshore Resources of Pacific Island Arcs--Vanuatu Region}, Circum-Pacific Council Energy Min Resour Earth Sci Ser, 8: 301-327.

Eissen J-P, Blot C, Louat R, 1991. Chronologie de l'activite volcanique historique de l'arc insulaire des Nouvelles-Hebrides de 1595 a 1991. ORSTOM Rapports Sci Tech Sci Terre Geol-Geophys, 2: 1-69.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Macfarlane A, Carney J N, Crawford A J, Greene H G, 1988. Vanuatu--A review of the onshore geology. In: Greene H G and Wong F L (eds) {Geology and Offshore Resources of Pacific Island Arcs--Vanuatu Region}, Circum-Pacific Council Energy Min Resour Earth Sci Ser, 8: 45-91.

New Hebrides Geological Survey, 1973. Geology of Efate and offshore islands. New Hebrides Geol Surv, 1:100,000 geol map sheet 9.

Raos A M, Crawford A J, 2004. Basalts from the Efate Island group, central section of the Vanuatu arc, SW Pacific: geochemistry and petrogenesis. J Volc Geotherm Res, 134: 35-56.

Raos A M, McPhie J, 2003. The submarine record of a large-scale explosive eruption in the Vanuatu arc: ~1 Ma Efate Pumice Formation. In: White J D L, Smellie J L, Clague D A (eds), Explosive Subacqueous Volcanism, {Amer Geophys Union, Geophy Monogr}, 140: 273-283.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from North Vate. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the North Vate page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


North Efate


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Stratovolcano 207 m 17° 30' 0" S 168° 24' 0" E
Stratovolcano 107 m 17° 31' 0" S 168° 29' 0" E
Stratovolcano 594 m 17° 27' 0" S 168° 20' 0" E

Photo Gallery

The three small islands of Nguna, Pele, and Emau at the upper left, lie north of the large island of Efete (also known as Vate). Nguna and Pele appear to be a single island in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left), and Emau is the small circular island at the at the top center. These islands lie along or near the southern rim of a postulated largely submarine caldera of uncertain dimensions that extends to the north and may have formed about 2000 years ago.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS068-206-50, 1994 (
Nguna Island, along with Pele and Emau Islands, lie north of Efate Island (also known as Vate). Largely submarine calderas of varying dimensions have been postulated in the North Vate area, and late-Pleistocene to Holocene eruptions have constructed composite basaltic cones with well-preserved craters.

Photo by Karoly Nemeth (Massey University).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for North Vate in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of North Vate Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.