Newer Volcanics Province

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.77°S
  • 142.5°E

  • 1011 m
    3316 ft

  • 259010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Newer Volcanics Province.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Newer Volcanics Province.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Newer Volcanics Province.

The voluminous Newer Volcanics province covers a broad 15,000 sq km area of SE Australia with nearly 400 small shield volcanoes and explosive vents of Tertiary-to-Holocene age. Volumetrically the vast proportion of volcanic products consist of flat-lying lava flows, although the most prominent features of the volcanic field are the numerous small scoria cones, tuff rings, and maars that rise above the lava plain. Several vents were active during the Holocene; another vent (Mount Tower) is now considered to be of late-Pleistocene age. Late-Pleistocene to Holocene eruptions are characterized by small volume and low explosivity, forming a series of scoria cones, maars, tuff rings, and major valley filling lava flows. The youngest dated eruptions took place at Mount Schank and Mount Gambier about 5000 years ago, when explosive activity formed several maars and associated lava flows.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2900 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Mt. Gambier
3000 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Fission track Mt. Schank
5290 BCE (in or before) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Mt. Napier
5850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Red Rock

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Victoria Volcanic Field | Western Victoria Volcanic Field


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Big Hill Cone 580 m 37° 20' 0" S 143° 37' 0" E
Black Hill Cone 696 m 37° 36' 0" S 144° 5' 0" E
Blackwood, Mount Cone 737 m 37° 34' 0" S 144° 22' 0" E
Blue Lake Tuff ring
Bluff, The Cone 201 m 37° 45' 0" S 140° 35' 0" E
Bulienmerri, Lake Tuff ring 275 m 38° 15' 0" S 143° 6' 0" E
Bullarook Hill Cone 685 m 37° 25' 0" S 144° 2' 0" E
Bullengarook, Mount Cone 673 m 37° 31' 0" S 144° 30' 0" E
Buninyong, Mount Cone 745 m 37° 40' 0" S 143° 56' 0" E
Burr, Mount Cone 241 m 37° 36' 0" S 140° 29' 0" E
Cameron, Mount Cone 417 m 37° 12' 0" S 143° 49' 0" E
Cape Bridgewater Cone 120 m 38° 23' 0" S 141° 25' 0" E
Clay, Mount Cone 189 m 38° 13' 0" S 141° 42' 0" E
Coragulac, Lake Tuff ring
Cotteril, Mount Cone
Eastern Hill Cone 640 m 37° 21' 0" S 144° 4' 0" E
Eccles, Mount Cone 179 m 38° 4' 0" S 141° 56' 0" E
Eckersley, Mount Cone 162 m 38° 6' 0" S 141° 39' 0" E
Elephant, Mount Cone 388 m 37° 58' 0" S 143° 12' 0" E
Ewen, Mount Cone 272 m 38° 16' 0" S 143° 1' 0" E
Forest Hill Cone 685 m 37° 24' 0" S 143° 58' 0" E
Franklin, Mount Cone 625 m 37° 16' 0" S 144° 9' 0" E
Frazer, Mount Cone 427 m 37° 28' 0" S 144° 59' 0" E
Gellibrand, Mount Cone 276 m 38° 14' 0" S 143° 48' 0" E
Gisborne, Mount Cone 644 m 37° 32' 0" S 144° 33' 0" E
Gordon's Hill Cone 490 m 37° 17' 0" S 143° 39' 0" E
Graham, Mount Cone 182 m 37° 32' 0" S 140° 27' 0" E
Greenock, Mount Cone 394 m 37° 13' 0" S 143° 44' 0" E
Hamilton, Mount Cone 306 m 37° 47' 0" S 142° 59' 0" E
Hollowback, Mount Cone 581 m 37° 27' 0" S 143° 49' 0" E
Hydewell, Mount Shield volcano 537 m 37° 38' 0" S 144° 14' 0" E
Jim Jim, The Cone 746 m 37° 18' 0" S 144° 35' 0" E
Kangaroo Hill Cone 670 m 37° 21' 0" S 144° 1' 0" E
Koang, Mount Cone 274 m 38° 5' 0" S 143° 7' 0" E
Kurweeton, Mount Cone 273 m 38° 5' 0" S 143° 9' 0" E
Lawaluk Vent 370 m 37° 50' 0" S 143° 53' 0" E
Leura, Mount Tuff ring 313 m 38° 15' 0" S 143° 10' 0" E
Little Hill Cone 475 m 37° 20' 0" S 143° 36' 0" E
Maiden Hill Cone 505 m 37° 18' 0" S 143° 37' 0" E
Mcintyre, Mount Cone 189 m 37° 34' 0" S 140° 33' 0" E
Mitchell, Mount Cone 535 m 37° 17' 0" S 143° 35' 0" E
Mondilibi Vent 185 m 37° 59' 0" S 142° 48' 0" E
Moolort, Mount Cone 325 m 37° 3' 0" S 143° 52' 0" E
Moorookyle, Mount Cone 610 m 37° 18' 0" S 143° 57' 0" E
Muirhead, Mount Cone 150 m 37° 34' 0" S 140° 24' 0" E
Napier, Mount Cone
Noorat, Mount Tuff ring 313 m 38° 11' 0" S 142° 56' 0" E
Panier, Mount Shield volcano 439 m 37° 54' 0" S 142° 4' 0" E
Pisgah, Mount Cone 561 m 37° 28' 0" S 143° 49' 0" E
Pordon, Mount Cone 289 m 38° 19' 0" S 143° 17' 0" E
Robertson's Hill Cone 218 m 38° 19' 0" S 143° 31' 0" E
Schank, Mount Cone 122 m 37° 57' 0" S 140° 44' 0" E
Shadwell, Mount Cone 294 m 38° 4' 0" S 142° 49' 0" E
Smeaton Hill Cone 676 m 37° 18' 0" S 143° 59' 0" E
Spring Hill Cone 670 m 37° 24' 0" S 143° 56' 0" E
Stockyard Hill Tuff ring 425 m 37° 34' 0" S 142° 20' 0" E
Terrang, Lake Tuff ring 150 m 38° 15' 0" S 142° 55' 0" E
Warrenhelp, Mount Cone 741 m 37° 35' 0" S 143° 58' 0" E
Warrnambool, Mount Tuff ring 217 m 38° 19' 0" S 142° 45' 0" E
Weatherboard Hill Cone 565 m 37° 27' 0" S 143° 41' 0" E


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gambier, Mount Maar 189 m 37° 50' 0" S 140° 45' 0" E
Keilambete, Lake Maar 137 m 38° 13' 0" S 142° 53' 0" E
Purrumbete, Lake Maar 185 m 38° 17' 0" S 143° 14' 0" E
Red Rock Maar 215 m 38° 16' 0" S 143° 30' 0" E
Staughtons Hill Maar 200 m 38° 19' 0" S 142° 55' 0" E
Tower Hill Maar 105 m 38° 19' 0" S 142° 22' 0" E


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Babbingtons Hill Dome 825 m 37° 23' 0" S 144° 15' 0" E
Blue Mountain Dome 874 m 37° 26' 0" S 144° 18' 0" E
Camels Hump, The Dome 1011 m 37° 23' 0" S 144° 36' 0" E
Eliza, Mount Dome 707 m 37° 23' 0" S 144° 41' 0" E
Hanging Rock
    Diogeneas, Mount
    Dryden's Rock
Dome 717 m 37° 20' 0" S 144° 36' 0" E
Tower Hill maar, with bedded pyroclastic layers exposed in its wall, is part of the voluminous Newer Volcanics province, which covers a broad 15,000 sq km area of SE Australia. The volcanic field contains nearly 400 small shield volcanoes and explosive vents of Tertiary-to-Holocene age. Late-Pleistocene to Holocene eruptions formed a series of scoria cones, maars, tuff rings, and major valley filling lava flows. The youngest dated eruptions took place at Mount Schank and Mount Gambier about 5000 years ago.

Photo by Monica Handler, 1995 (Carnegie Institution).
Lake-filled Tower Hill maar is part of the voluminous Newer Volcanics province, which covers a broad 15,000 sq km area of SE Australia. The volcanic field contains nearly 400 small shield volcanoes and explosive vents of Tertiary-to-Holocene age. Late-Pleistocene to Holocene eruptions formed a series of scoria cones, maars, tuff rings, and major valley filling lava flows. The youngest dated eruptions took place at Mount Schank and Mount Gambier about 5000 years ago.

Photo by Jim Luhr, 1993 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gill E D, 1964. Rocks contiguous with the basaltic cuirass of western Victoria. Proc Roy Soc Victoria, 77: 331-355.

Gill E D, 1971. Applications of radiocarbon dating in Victoria, Australia. Proc Roy Soc Victoria, 84: 71-85.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Johnson R W, Knutson J, Taylor S R (eds), 1989. Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 408 p.

Singleton O P, Joyce E B, 1969. Cainozoic volcanicity in Victoria. Geol Soc Aust Spec Pub, 2: 145-154.

Thomas L, 1976. Geothermal resources in Australia. In: {Proc 2nd United Nations Symp Devel Use Geotherm Resour, San Francisco}, Washington D C: U S Government Printing Office, 1: 273-274.

Volcano Types

Shield(s)
Scoria cone(s)
Tuff ring(s)

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
610,361
610,361
610,361
610,361

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Newer Volcanics Province Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.