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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Uncertain
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.27°S
  • 106.042°E

  • 1778 m
    5832 ft

  • 263020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Karang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Karang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Karang.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

1778 m / 5832 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Gunung Karang volcano in westernmost Java was constructed SE of the 15-km-wide Pleistocene Danau caldera. Two craters, Kawah Welirang and Kawah Haji, display fumarolic activity and are found on the eastern flanks of 1778-m-high Karang volcano, which may be of Holocene age (Bronto 1995, pers. comm.). The forested andesitic and basaltic volcano is the highest of a group of stratovolcanoes in the Danau caldera area and lies across a low saddle from Pulosari volcano.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bronto S, 1995. (pers. comm.).

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

van Bemmelen R W, 1949b. The Geology of Indonesia. The Hague: Government Printing Office, v 1, 732 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Karang. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Karang page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Danau Pleistocene caldera
Haji, Kawah
    Hadji, Kawah
Crater 1400 m
Welirang, Kawah Crater 1280 m

Photo Gallery

The large circular, forested volcano below and to the left of the center of this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right) is Karang volcano. Karang was constructed to the SE of the 15-km-wide Pleistocene Danau caldera, whose northern and eastern rims and light-colored floor are seen above the center of the image. Two craters lie on the SE flank of 1778-m-high Karang volcano, the highest peak in this volcanic region at the western tip of Java. The Pujut Peninsula lies at the upper right.

NASA Space Station image ISS004-E-10353, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Karang in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Karang Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.