Karang

Photo of this volcano
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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Uncertain Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.27°S
  • 106.042°E

  • 1778 m
    5832 ft

  • 263020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Karang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Karang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Karang.

Gunung Karang volcano in westernmost Java was constructed SE of the 15-km-wide Pleistocene Danau caldera. Two craters, Kawah Welirang and Kawah Haji, display fumarolic activity and are found on the eastern flanks of 1778-m-high Karang volcano, which may be of Holocene age (Bronto 1995, pers. comm.). The forested andesitic and basaltic volcano is the highest of a group of stratovolcanoes in the Danau caldera area and lies across a low saddle from Pulosari volcano.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Karang. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Karang page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Kalang


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Danau Pleistocene caldera
Haji, Kawah
    Hadji, Kawah
Crater 1400 m
Welirang, Kawah Crater 1280 m
The large circular, forested volcano below and to the left of the center of this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right) is Karang volcano. Karang was constructed to the SE of the 15-km-wide Pleistocene Danau caldera, whose northern and eastern rims and light-colored floor are seen above the center of the image. Two craters lie on the SE flank of 1778-m-high Karang volcano, the highest peak in this volcanic region at the western tip of Java. The Pujut Peninsula lies at the upper right.

NASA Space Station image ISS004-E-10353, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Bronto S, 1995. . (pers. comm.).

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

van Bemmelen R W, 1949b. The Geology of Indonesia. The Hague: Government Printing Office, v 1, 732 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,006
73,942
1,753,655
23,398,992

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Karang Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.