Patuha

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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.16°S
  • 107.4°E

  • 2434 m
    7984 ft

  • 263070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Patuha.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Patuha.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Patuha.

The forested twin volcano Gunung Patuha rises SW of the plain of Bandung. The andesitic volcano contains two summit craters 600 m apart along a NW-SE line. The NW-most and highest summit crater is dry, but the SE crater, Kawah Putih, contains a shallow greenish-white crater lake. Kawah Putih is mined for sulfur. A large debris-avalanche deposit produced by collapse of the volcano extends to the NE. The volcano was formed during the late Pleistocene, but has a youthful morphology. No historical eruptions are known from Patuha.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Patuha. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Patuha page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Patoeha

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Patuha Kaler Crater
Putih, Kawah Crater
Taman Saat Crater

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cibuni, Kawah
    Tjibuni, Kawah
Thermal
Ciwidei, Kawah
    Tjiwidei, Kawah
Thermal
Tiis, Kawah Thermal
The forested twin volcano Gunung Patuha rises SW of the Bandung plain. The volcano, viewed here from the NW with the Rancabali lava flow in the foreground, contains two summit craters 600 m apart along a NW-SE line. The SE crater, Kawah Putih, is mined for sulfur. No historical eruptions are known from Patuha.

Anonymous photo, 1985.
An aerial view from the NNW shows the two summit craters of Gunung Patuha volcano in the foreground. Steep-walled Taman Saat crater (left) is located NW of lake-filled Kawah Putih (right). The dashed circle at the middle left marks the Tugeslibde crater.

Photo published in Taverne, 1926 "Vulkaanstudien op Java," (courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
Forested Taman Saat crater, seen here in an aerial view from the south, is one of two summit craters at Gunung Patuha volcano. The steep-walled Taman Saat crater is about 350 m wide and 165 m deep. No historical eruptions are known from Patuha volcano.

Photo published in Taverne, 1926 "Vulkaanstudien op Java," (courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
Kawah Putih is the SE-most of two summit craters at Gunung Patuha. This view from the SW shows the Bandung plain in the distance. The lake-filled Kawah Putih, 3-3.5 km wide and 180 m deep, is mined for sulfur.

Photo published in Taverne, 1926 "Vulkaanstudien op Java," (courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Sriwana T, van Bergen M J, Varekamp J C, Sumarti S, Takano B, van Os B J H, Leng M J, 2000. Geochemistry of the acid Kawah Putih lake, Patuha volcano, west Java, Indonesia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 97: 77-104.

Taverne N J M, 1926. Vulkanstudien op Java. Vulk Meded, 7: 1-132.

van Bemmelen R W, 1949b. The Geology of Indonesia. The Hague: Government Printing Office, v 1, 732 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
12,576
76,063
1,516,827
23,632,738

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Patuha Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.