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Cereme

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1951 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.892°S
  • 108.4°E

  • 3078 m
    10098 ft

  • 263170
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number
Most Recent Weekly Report: 24 June-30 June 2015 Citation IconCite this Report

According to the Darwin VAAC a pilot observed a small "smoke" plume rising from Cereme on 24 June; ash was not identified in satellite images.

Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)


Most Recent Bulletin Report: December 2003 (BGVN 28:12) Citation IconCite this Report

During late 2003, 1-9 earthquakes per day at this Javanese volcano

Ongoing seismicity continued during 27 October-30 November 2003 (table 1). The number of A-type volcanic earthquakes peaked during 3-9 November (53 events). Hot spring temperature measurements were 47°C at Sangkan Hurip, 50°C at Cilengkrang, and 43°C at Ciniru. No significant visual activity was reported, and the hazard status remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Table 1. Seismicity registered at Cereme, 27 October-30 November 2003. Courtesy of VSI.

Date Volcanic (Type-A) Volcanic (Type-B) Tectonic
27 Oct-02 Nov 2003 11 2 7
03 Nov-09 Nov 2003 53 1 6
10 Nov-16 Nov 2003 17 0 6
17 Nov-23 Nov 2003 8 0 3
24 Nov-30 Nov 2003 4 0 8

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Suswati, Vulcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).

Weekly Reports - Index


2015: June
2003: October


24 June-30 June 2015 Citation IconCite this Report

According to the Darwin VAAC a pilot observed a small "smoke" plume rising from Cereme on 24 June; ash was not identified in satellite images.

Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)


29 October-4 November 2003 Citation IconCite this Report

DVGHM raised the Alert Level at Cereme to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 13 October after increases in seismic and volcanic activity. During 13-19 October, the seismic network recorded 36 deep-volcanic earthquakes. Seismicity decreased during 20-26 October, with 7 deep-volcanic earthquakes recorded.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)


15 October-21 October 2003 Citation IconCite this Report

According to news reports, local authorities issued an alert and closed Cereme to the public after detecting unrest. Several earthquakes were recorded on 17 October. Seismicity increased on 18 October, when 18 earthquakes up to M 2 occurred. Seismicity was felt in seven subdistricts of the Cilimus and Pesawahan districts.

Sources: Agence France-Presse (AFP); ABC News - Australian Broadcasting Corporation; The Jakarta Post; The Jakarta Post


Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

10/2003 (BGVN 28:10) Volcanic seismicity that began in March increased in October

12/2003 (BGVN 28:12) During late 2003, 1-9 earthquakes per day at this Javanese volcano




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


October 2003 (BGVN 28:10) Citation IconCite this Report

Volcanic seismicity that began in March increased in October

Data from the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI) indicated a tectonic and volcanic earthquake at Cereme on 25 March, followed by one more volcanic event on 28 March. Activity picked up on 2 April with three more volcanic events, with 17 events through 14 April. Daily highs of 8 and 11 events were recorded on 24 April and 3 May, respectively (2-4 May had 22). Seismicity remained generally low (0-3/day) until 29 events occurred on 7 October.

After a felt earthquake on 7 October, volcanic earthquakes increased. This increased seismicity was accompanied by elevated visually observed activity, resulting in the hazard status being upgraded to Alert Level 2 on 13 October. Seismic activity during 6-12 October consisted of 46 deep volcanic earthquakes and 15 shallow volcanic earthquakes; 36 deep volcanic events occurred the following week of 13-19 October. There was a felt earthquake on 19 October that lasted for 95.5 seconds (35 mm amplitude). Seismic activity declined during 20-26 October, when only seven deep volcanic earthquakes were recorded. The temperature measured at the Sangkan Hurip hotspring in late October was 48°C, unchanged from previous measurements.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Suswati, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, PO Box 40050, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia (URL: http://www.bom.gov.au/info/vaac/).


December 2003 (BGVN 28:12) Citation IconCite this Report

During late 2003, 1-9 earthquakes per day at this Javanese volcano

Ongoing seismicity continued during 27 October-30 November 2003 (table 1). The number of A-type volcanic earthquakes peaked during 3-9 November (53 events). Hot spring temperature measurements were 47°C at Sangkan Hurip, 50°C at Cilengkrang, and 43°C at Ciniru. No significant visual activity was reported, and the hazard status remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Table 1. Seismicity registered at Cereme, 27 October-30 November 2003. Courtesy of VSI.

Date Volcanic (Type-A) Volcanic (Type-B) Tectonic
27 Oct-02 Nov 2003 11 2 7
03 Nov-09 Nov 2003 53 1 6
10 Nov-16 Nov 2003 17 0 6
17 Nov-23 Nov 2003 8 0 3
24 Nov-30 Nov 2003 4 0 8

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Suswati, Vulcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 7 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 2015 Jun 24 ] [ 2015 Jun 24 ] Uncertain    
1951 Mar 1 1951 Mar 2 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1937 Jun 24 1938 Jan 7 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Floor and north wall of East Crater
1805 Apr Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1775 Jan 4 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1772 Aug 11 1772 Aug 12 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1698 Feb 3 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Cereme.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Cereme.

Photo Gallery

The prominent 3078-m-high symmetrical stratovolcano Cereme, also spelled Ceremai, overlooks the major Java Sea city of Cirebon. The steep-sided double crater, elongated in an E-W direction, that caps Gunung Cereme is seen here from the south. Cereme volcano was constructed on the northern rim of the 4.5 x 5 km Geger Halang caldera. Eruptions, relatively infrequent in historical time, have included explosive activity and lahars, primarily from the summit crater.

Photo published in Taverne, 1926 "Vulkaanstudien op Java," (courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.
A small lake occupies the steep-walled summit crater of Cereme volcano in central Java in this 2004 view. The symmetrical stratovolcano, also known as Ciremai, is located closer to the northern coast than other central Java volcanoes. A steep-sided double crater elongated in an E-W direction caps 3078-m-high Gunung Cereme. Eruptions from Cereme, relatively infrequent in historical time, have included explosive activity and lahars, primarily from the summit crater.

Photo by Cahya Patria, 2004 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Cirebon
Publisher: Department of Defense & Security, Rep. Indonesia
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1982
Series: 1501 (U)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Cirebon

Title: Garut
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1966
Series: 1501 (G)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Garut

Title: Djakarta
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1966
Series: 1501 (A)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Djakarta

Title: Madjalengka
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Madjalengka

Title: Sumedang
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Sumedang

Title: Tjiawi
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1964
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tjiawi

Title: Tasikmalaya
Publisher: Directorate of Geology Cartography
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1963
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Tasikmalaya

Title: Tjirebon
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1959
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Tjirebon

Title: Djakarta
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1958
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Djakarta

Title: Batavia
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1946
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Batavia

Title: Batavia
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1946
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Batavia

Title: Soerabaja
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1945
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Soerabaja
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Cereme in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites