Kawah Kamojang

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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.125°S
  • 107.8°E

  • 1730 m
    5674 ft

  • 263805
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kawah Kamojang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kawah Kamojang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kawah Kamojang.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene

1730 m / 5674 ft


Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Geological Summary

Kawah Kamojang, the first developed geothermal field in Indonesia, is located 7 km WNW of the historically active Guntur volcano within the Pleistocene Pangkalan caldera. Kawah Kamojang was included in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World (Neumann van Padang 1951) based on its geothermal activity. The 1.2 by 0.7 km thermal area consists of fumaroles, steaming ground, hot lakes, mud pots, and hydrothermally altered ground. The field is located along a WSW-ENE-trending Quaternary volcanic chain that includes Gunung Rakutak, the Ciharus, Pangkalan, and Gandapura complexes, Gunung Masigit, and Gunung Guntur. This chain is progressively younger to the ENE. Kawah Kamojang is associated with the Pangkalan and Gandapura volcanic centers, along the Kendeng fault, which extends SW to the Darajat geothermal field.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kaswanda O, Said H, Rahardja N, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Stehn C E, 1929a. Kawah Komodjang. 4th Pacific Sci Cong Java, Excur C2, 13 p.

Sudarman S, Boedihardi M, Pudyastuti K, Bardan, 1995. Kamojang geothermal field: 10 year operation experience. Proc World Geotherm Cong, Florence, Italy, 18-31 May 1995, 3:1773-1777.

Sudradjat A, 1977. (pers. comm.).

Taverne N J M, 1926. Vulkanstudien op Java. Vulk Meded, 7: 1-132.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kawah Kamojang. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kawah Kamojang page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Kamodjan | Kawahkamojang | Kamojan


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ciharus Stratovolcano
Gandapura Stratovolcano
Masigit, Gunung Stratovolcano
Rakutak, Gunung Stratovolcano


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pangkalan Pleistocene caldera


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Anjar, Kawah Thermal
Bercek, Kawah
    Bertjek, Kawah
Buliran, Kawah
    Boeliran, Kawah
Cipengasahan, Kawah
    Tjipengasahan, Kawah
Leutak, Kawah Thermal
Manuk, Kawah Thermal
Munding, Kawah Thermal
Pangasahan, Kawah Thermal
Panggilingan, Kawah Thermal
Pencelut, Kawah
    Pentjelut, Kawah
Pondok, Kawah
    Podiok, Kawah
Saar, Kawah Thermal
Sakarat, Kawah Thermal

Photo Gallery

Hot pools such as this, fumaroles, steaming hydrothermally altered ground, and mud pots are common thermal features at the Kawah Kamojang geothermal field south of Bandung. The 14 sq km thermal area, occupying a densely forested graben-like structure on the slopes of a Quaternary volcanic massif, is the site of the first developed geothermal field in Indonesia.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 116691-17 Obsidian

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Kawah Kamojang Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.