Kawah Kamojang

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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.125°S
  • 107.8°E

  • 1730 m
    5674 ft

  • 263805
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kawah Kamojang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kawah Kamojang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kawah Kamojang.

Kawah Kamojang, the first developed geothermal field in Indonesia, is located 7 km WNW of the historically active Guntur volcano within the Pleistocene Pangkalan caldera. Kawah Kamojang was included in the Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World (Neumann van Padang 1951) based on its geothermal activity. The 1.2 by 0.7 km thermal area consists of fumaroles, steaming ground, hot lakes, mud pots, and hydrothermally altered ground. The field is located along a WSW-ENE-trending Quaternary volcanic chain that includes Gunung Rakutak, the Ciharus, Pangkalan, and Gandapura complexes, Gunung Masigit, and Gunung Guntur. This chain is progressively younger to the ENE. Kawah Kamojang is associated with the Pangkalan and Gandapura volcanic centers, along the Kendeng fault, which extends SW to the Darajat geothermal field.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kawah Kamojang. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kawah Kamojang page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Kamodjan | Kawahkamojang | Kamojan


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ciharus Stratovolcano
Gandapura Stratovolcano
Masigit, Gunung Stratovolcano
Rakutak, Gunung Stratovolcano


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pangkalan Pleistocene caldera


Thermal
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Anjar, Kawah Thermal
Bercek, Kawah
    Bertjek, Kawah
Thermal
Buliran, Kawah
    Boeliran, Kawah
Thermal
Cibeureum
    Tjibeureum
Thermal
Ciburial
    Tjiboerial
    Tjibuliran
Thermal
Cipengasahan, Kawah
    Tjipengasahan, Kawah
Thermal
Leutak, Kawah Thermal
Manuk, Kawah Thermal
Munding, Kawah Thermal
Pangasahan, Kawah Thermal
Panggilingan, Kawah Thermal
Pencelut, Kawah
    Pentjelut, Kawah
Thermal
Pondok, Kawah
    Podiok, Kawah
Thermal
Saar, Kawah Thermal
Sakarat, Kawah Thermal
Hot pools such as this, fumaroles, steaming hydrothermally altered ground, and mud pots are common thermal features at the Kawah Kamojang geothermal field south of Bandung. The 14 sq km thermal area, occupying a densely forested graben-like structure on the slopes of a Quaternary volcanic massif, is the site of the first developed geothermal field in Indonesia.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kaswanda O, Said H, Rahardja N, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Stehn C E, 1929a. Kawah Komodjang. 4th Pacific Sci Cong Java, Excur C2, 13 p.

Sudarman S, Boedihardi M, Pudyastuti K, Bardan, 1995. Kamojang geothermal field: 10 year operation experience. Proc World Geotherm Cong, Florence, Italy, 18-31 May 1995, 3:1773-1777.

Sudradjat A, 1977. . (pers. comm.).

Taverne N J M, 1926. Vulkanstudien op Java. Vulk Meded, 7: 1-132.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Caldera

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kawah Kamojang Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.