Tigalalu

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.07°N
  • 127.42°E

  • 422 m
    1384 ft

  • 268071
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tigalalu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tigalalu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tigalalu.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
268071

Unknown - Evidence Credible

422 m / 1384 ft

0.07°N
127.42°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
621
2,350
7,396
422,007

Geological Summary

Gunung Tigalalu (Mount Tigalalu) is located at the northern end of Kayoa Island, which straddles the equator and is the southernmost of a chain of small volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera Island. Tigalalu forms a 422-m-high N-S-trending volcanic ridge at the north end of the island, part of which is flanked by coral limestones. Although much less known than its historically active neighbor to the north, Makian volcano, Tigalalu was mapped as Holocene in age by Apandi and Sudana (1980).

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Apandi T, Sudana D, 1980. Geologic map of the Ternate quadrangle, north Maluku. Geol Res Devel Centre Indonesia, 1:250,000 scale map and 9 p text.

Morris J D, Jezek P A, Hart S R, Gill J B, 1983. The Halmahera Island arc, Molucca Sea collision zone, Indonesia: a geochemical survey. In: Hayes D E (ed) The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asia Seas and Islands, part 2, {Amer Geophys Union, Geophys Monogr}, 27: 373-387.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Tigalalu. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Tigalalu page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Tigalalu.

Photo Gallery


Gunung Tigalalu is located at the northern end of elongated Kayoa Island (center), which straddles the equator and is the southernmost of a chain of small volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera Island (out of view to the right). North is to the top in this NASA Landsat image. Tigalalu forms a N-S-trending volcanic ridge at the north end of the island, part of which is flanked by coral limestones.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tigalalu Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.