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Banahaw

Photo of this volcano
  • Philippines
  • Philippines and SE Asia
  • Complex
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.07°N
  • 121.48°E

  • 2158 m
    7080 ft

  • 273050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Banahaw.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Banahaw.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Banahaw.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1909 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
[ 1843 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
[ 1743 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
[ 1730 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Banahaw.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Banahaw.

Photo Gallery

Mount Banáhao (Banahaw) is the highest of a group of volcanoes south and east of Manila. The 2158-m-high Banáhao is flanked by San Cristóbal to the west and Banáhao de Lucban on the east. This view from the SW shows a valley descending from the summit of Banáhao that was formed or deepened by the outbreak of a crater lake in 1730. Collapse of Banahao produced two major debris avalanches. The largest traveled 26 km SE to the sea, where it forms a 10 km section of Tayabas Bay coastline.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1989 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The large 2-km-wide, 600-m-deep depression cutting the SSW flank of 2158-m-high Banáhao contained a crater lake until 1730, when it drained, forming mudflows. Banáhao is flanked by San Cristobal volcano (far left-center) on the west and on the NE by Banáhao de Lucban, the forested symmetrical stratovolcano above and to the right of Banáhao. Andesitic-to-dacitic lava domes occur on the flanks of Banáhao and San Cristobal.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Philippines
Publisher: Apa Maps - Nelles Verlag, W Germany
Country: Philippines
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:1,500
Map of Philippines

Title: Phillipines
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Philippines
Year: 1984
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Phillipines

Title: Philippine Islands
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Philippines
Year: 1982
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Philippine Islands

Title: Tanuan, Batangas
Publisher: BTSM, Board of Technical Surveys and Maps
Country: Philippines
Year: 1982
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tanuan, Batangas

Title: Lemery, Luzon
Publisher: BTSM, Board of Technical Surveys and Maps
Country: Philippines
Year: 1961
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lemery, Luzon

Title: Mendez-Nunez, Luzon
Publisher: BTSM, Board of Technical Surveys and Maps
Country: Philippines
Year: 1961
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Mendez-Nunez, Luzon

Title: Lipa City, Luzon
Publisher: Bureau of Coast & Geodetic Survey
Country: Philippines
Year: 1956
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lipa City, Luzon

Title: Batangas
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1956
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Batangas

Title: Manila
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1955
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Manila

Title: South Luzon
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of South Luzon

Title: Mendez-Nunez
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Mendez-Nunez

Title: Tanauan
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tanauan

Title: Lipa
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lipa

Title: Lemery
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lemery

Title: Philippines North: Special Strategic Map
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippines
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Philippines North: Special Strategic Map
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Banahaw in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites