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San Pablo Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Philippines
  • Philippines and SE Asia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1350 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.12°N
  • 121.3°E

  • 1090 m
    3575 ft

  • 273060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for San Pablo Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for San Pablo Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for San Pablo Volcanic Field.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1350 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology Sampaloc Lake
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for San Pablo Volcanic Field.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for San Pablo Volcanic Field.

Photo Gallery

Alligator Lake, along the southern shore of Laguna de Bay, is one of a group of dozens of maars and scoria cones forming the San Pablo volcanic field (also known as the Laguna volcanic field). Three generations of maars are present, the youngest of which contain deep lakes. Many of the maars are located along a NE-SW trend. Local legends indicate that the most recent eruption occurred about 500-700 years ago at Sampaloc Lake, 17 km SE of Alligator Lake.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1989 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Local legends suggest that the latest eruption of the Laguna volcanic field took place about 500-700 years ago, forming the Sampaloc Lake maar. This 1.2-km-wide maar, seen here from the south, is one of the largest of a group of 36 maars in the volcanic field, which is located south of Laguna de Bay, a large lake SE of Manila.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1989 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Forested Maquiling (Makiling) stratovolcano (center) rises south of Laguna de Bay (top) and is the highest point of the San Pablo volcanic field. The andesitic-rhyolitic volcano has a deep crater whose floor is 480 m below its north rim. Maquiling has several parasitic cones, maars, and numerous thermal areas at its northern base, and other maars and scoria cones of the San Pablo volcanic field lie to the east. The prominent dark-colored maar along the shore of Laguna de Bay north of Maquiling is Alligator Lake.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
See title for photo information.
Lake-filled maars are common features of the Laguna volcanic field at the southern end of the large lake of Laguna de Bay (top). The monogenetic volcanic field contains a group of 42 scoria cones and 36 maars, the youngest of which contain deep lakes. The largest maar in this Landsat image is 1.2-km-wide Sampaloc Lake, immediately north of the city of San Pablo. Local legends suggest that this maar was formed about 500-700 years ago. The forested stratovolcano at left is Maquiling volcano.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Philippines
Publisher: Apa Maps - Nelles Verlag, W Germany
Country: Philippines
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:1,500
Map of Philippines
Title: Phillipines
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Philippines
Year: 1984
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Phillipines
Title: Philippine Islands
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Philippines
Year: 1982
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Philippine Islands
Title: Tanuan, Batangas
Publisher: BTSM, Board of Technical Surveys and Maps
Country: Philippines
Year: 1982
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tanuan, Batangas
Title: Lemery, Luzon
Publisher: BTSM, Board of Technical Surveys and Maps
Country: Philippines
Year: 1961
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lemery, Luzon
Title: Mendez-Nunez, Luzon
Publisher: BTSM, Board of Technical Surveys and Maps
Country: Philippines
Year: 1961
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Mendez-Nunez, Luzon
Title: Lipa City, Luzon
Publisher: Bureau of Coast & Geodetic Survey
Country: Philippines
Year: 1956
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lipa City, Luzon
Title: Batangas
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1956
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Batangas
Title: Manila
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1955
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Manila
Title: South Luzon
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of South Luzon
Title: Mendez-Nunez
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Mendez-Nunez
Title: Tanauan
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tanauan
Title: Lipa
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lipa
Title: Lemery
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippine Islands
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Lemery
Title: Philippines North: Special Strategic Map
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Philippines
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Philippines North: Special Strategic Map
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for San Pablo Volcanic Field in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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