East Diamante

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 15.93°N
  • 145.67°E

  • -127 m
    -417 ft

  • 284201
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for East Diamante.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for East Diamante.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for East Diamante.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
284201

Unknown - Unrest / Holocene

-127 m / -417 ft

15.93°N
145.67°E

Volcano Types

Submarine
Caldera
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
76,403

Geological Summary

The dacitic East Diamante submarine volcano contains an elongated NE-SW-trending caldera with a pronounced rim on the NE side. A large post-caldera cone lies on the SW caldera rim, and a complex of lava domes was constructed in the center of the caldera. Several areas of hydrothermal activity including "black smoker" sulfide chimneys at the Black Forest site were detected on the central dome complex at depths of only a few hundred meters. These marked the shallowest black smokers yet discovered. The summit extends to within 127 m of the sea surface. West Diamante seamount lies 28 km W, with the much smaller Middle Diamante about 15 km W.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Bloomer S H, Stern R J, Smoot N C, 1989. Physical volcanology of the submarine Mariana and Volcano arcs. Bull Volc, 51: 210-224.

Embley R W, Baker E T, Chadwick W W Jr, Lupton J E, Resing J A, Massoth G J, Nakamura K, 2004. Explorations of Mariana Arc volcanoes reveal new hydrothermal systems. Eos, Trans Amer Geophys Union, 85: 37 and 40.

Smithsonian Institution-GVN, 1990-. [Monthly event reports]. Bull Global Volc Network, v 15-33.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from East Diamante. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the East Diamante page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Acquarium Thermal
Black Forest Thermal

Photo Gallery


Active smoker chimneys precipitating iron, copper and zinc sulfides from 230 deg C fluid are found at the Black Forest hydrothermal area within the submarine caldera of East Diamante volcano. They are 9 m tall from the base to the top of the chimneys. East Diamante submarine volcano contains an elongated NE-SW-trending caldera with a pronounced rim on the NE side. A complex of lava domes constructed in the center of the caldera is the site of several hydrothermal areas.

Image courtesy of Submarine Ring of Fire 2004 Exploration, NOAA Vents Program.
The summit of East Diamante volcano is depicted from bathymetric data collected on the NOAA Submarine Ring of Fire 2002 and 2003 expeditions. The NE rim of the E Diamante caldera is prominent. A large post-caldera cone lies on the SW caldera rim, and a complex of lava domes was constructed in the center of the caldera. Several hydrothermal areas on the central lava-dome complex are labeled.

Image courtesy of Submarine Ring of Fire 2004 Exploration, NOAA Vents Program.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of East Diamante Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.