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Kharimkotan

Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1933 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.12°N
  • 154.508°E

  • 1145 m
    3757 ft

  • 290300
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number
Most Recent Weekly Report: 13 January-19 January 2010 Citation IconCite this Report

SVERT reported that a thermal anomaly from Kharimkotan's Severgin cone was detected by satellite on 15 January.

Source: Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT)

Weekly Reports - Index


2010: January


13 January-19 January 2010 Citation IconCite this Report

SVERT reported that a thermal anomaly from Kharimkotan's Severgin cone was detected by satellite on 15 January.

Source: Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT)


The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kharimkotan.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 6 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1933 Jan 8 1933 Apr 14 (in or after) Confirmed 5 Historical Observations Severgin
1931 Sep Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Severgin
1883 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Severgin
1848 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Severgin
1846 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Severgin
1713 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Severgin
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Kharimkotan.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Kharimkotan.

Photo Gallery

The east side of the 8 x 12 km island of Kharimkotan (also spelled Harimkotan) is cut by a large horseshoe-shaped caldera that was formed when the summit of the volcano collapsed in 1933. The dark-colored lava dome in the center of the photo was emplaced inside the breached depression at the end of the 1933 eruption. This and another horseshoe-shaped crater on the NW side of the island were formed by slope failure, which produced debris-avalanche deposits that form large broad peninsulas on the east and NW coasts.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 1994 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).
See title for photo information.
The lava dome in the center of the photo was emplaced at the end of a major eruption that began on January 8, 1933 and destroyed the summit of Severgin volcano on Kharimkotan (Harimkotan) volcano, leaving a 1.7-km-wide breached crater open to the east. A debris avalanche resulting from the collapse of the summit reached the sea, extending the shoreline 1 km and producing a tsunami that swept the island and reached Onekotan and Paramushir Islands, causing two fatalities. Additional explosions were reported on Janaury 30 and April 14.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 1994 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: USSR (Kamchatka S & Kuriles)
Publisher: DMA
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1988
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR (Kamchatka S & Kuriles)
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1984
Series: B1754
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of
Title: Onekotan, Makanrushi, & Karimkotan Ostrova
Publisher: General Staff of the Soviet Army
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1954
Series: M-56-XXIII
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Onekotan, Makanrushi, & Karimkotan Ostrova
Title: Shiashkotan, Ekarma, & Chirinkotan Ostrova
Publisher: General Staff of the Soviet Army
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1954
Series: M-56-XXIV
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Shiashkotan, Ekarma, & Chirinkotan Ostrova
Title: Shasukotan
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Shasukotan
Title: Onnekotan
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Onnekotan
Title: Onnekotan-To
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Kuril-I
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Onnekotan-To
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Kharimkotan in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites