Kambalny

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 51.3°N
  • 156.87°E

  • 2156 m
    7072 ft

  • 300010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kambalny.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kambalny.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kambalny.

The southernmost major stratovolcano on the Kamchatka peninsula, 2156-m-high Kambalny has a summit crater that is breached to the SE. There are no records of historical eruptions from Kambalny although its very youthful volcanic features suggest the possibility of very recent eruptions. Five Holocene cinder cones on the west and SE flanks have produced fresh-looking lava flows. Beginning about 6300 radiocarbon years ago, a series of major collapses of the edifice produced at least three debris-avalanche deposits. The last major eruption took place about 600 years ago, although younger tephra layers have been found, an a historical eruption was reported in 1767. Active fumarolic areas are found on the flanks of the volcano, which is located south of the massive Pauzhetka volcano-tectonic depression.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Kambalnaia, Sopka
The compound 2156-m-high Kambalny (left center) and 1812-m-high Koshelev (far right) stratovolcanoes rise SW above the azure waters of Kurile Lake caldera, one of the scenic highlights of the Kamchatka Peninsula. Kambalny is the southernmost large stratovolcano on Kamchatka and Koshelev is its southernmost historically active volcano. Both volcanoes have produced late-stage, very recent lava flows from flank vents on complex older structures. The small island in Kurile Lake caldera is the "Heart of Alaid," a rhyolitic lava dome.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1980 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Inst. Volcanic Geology & Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
The compound stratovolcanoes of Kambalny (left) and Koshelev (right), rise beyond the SW shore of scenic Kurile Lake caldera at the southern tip of Kamchatka. Kurile Lake caldera formed in two stages, the first about 41,500 radiocarbon years ago and the second about 8000 years ago during one of Kamchatka's largest Holocene eruptions. The small island (right center) is the "Heart of Alaid," a rhyolitic lava dome. The conical peak on the distant horizon at right center is Alaid stratovolcano, the northernmost of the Kuril Islands.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Inst. Volcanic Geology & Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).
A cumulus cloud rises above the summit of Kambalny, the southernmost large stratovolcano on the Kamchatka peninsula. The 2156-m-high compound volcano rises above the SW shores of scenic Kurile Lake caldera. There are no records of historical eruptions from Kambalny although very youthful cinder cones and lava flows on the west and SE flanks suggest the possibility of very recent eruptions. Active fumarolic areas are found on the flanks of the volcano.

Photo by Nikolai Smelov, 1996 (courtesy of Vera Ponomareva, Inst. Volcanic Geology & Geochemistry, Petropavlovsk).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Braitseva O, Ponomareva V, Melekestsev I, Sulerzhitsky L, Pevzner M, 2002-. Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes. http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm.

Fedotov S A, Masurenkov Y P (eds), 1991. Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 2 volumes.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kozhemyaka N N, 1995. Active volcanoes of Kamchatka: types and growth time of cones, total volumes of erupted material, productivity, and composition of rocks. Volc Seism, 16: 581-594 (English translation).

Masurenkov Y P (ed), 1980. Volcanic Center: Structure, Dynamics and Products. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 299 p (in Russian).

Ponomareva V V, Melekestsev I V, Dirksen O V, 2006. Sector collapses and large landslides on late Pleistocene-Holocene volcanoes in Kamchatka, Russia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 158: 117-138.

Ponomareva V, Melekestsev I, Braitseva O, Churikova T, Pevzner M, Sulerzhitsky L, 2007b. Late Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism on the Kamchatka Peninsula, northwest Pacific region. In: Eichelberger J, Gordeev E, Izbekov P, Kasahara M, Lees J (eds), Volcanism and Subduction: the Kamchatka Region, {Amer Geophys Union, Geophys Monogr}, 172: 165-198.

Vlodavetz V I, Piip B I, 1959. Kamchatka and Continental Areas of Asia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 8: 1-110.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Compound
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
20
572
4,525

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kambalny Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.