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Photo of this volcano
  • Russia
  • Kamchatka and Mainland Asia
  • Caldera
  • 1776 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.543°N
  • 157.339°E

  • 2439 m
    8002 ft

  • 300080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Opala.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Opala.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Opala.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 7 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1894 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1854 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1827 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1776 Oct 23 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
0610 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) SE flank (Barany Amphitheater)
1550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
3500 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Opala.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Opala.

Photo Gallery

The prominent conical Opala volcano, seen here from the east, lies about 50 km west of the main volcanic arc in southern Kamchatka. The 2475-m-high stratovolcano was constructed at the north end of the 10 x 12 km, 40,000-year-old Opala caldera. Post-caldera Holocene volcanism also included the extrusion of lava domes and rhyolitic lava flows. The latest major explosion formed the Barany amphitheater on the SE flank about 1500 years ago. Mild explosive eruptions of uncertain validity have been reported in historical time.

Photo by Andrei Tsvetkov.
See title for photo information.
Late Pleistocene-Holocene cinder cones in the foreground dot the southern part of Tolmachev Dol (Tolmachev Plateau) with conical Opala stratovolcano in the background. Tolmachev Dol is a large volcanic highland NE of Opala volcano that is blanketed with numerous postglacial cinder cones. The cones and associated lava fields cover a broad area around scenic Lake Tolmachev halfway beween Opala and Gorely volcanoes.

Copyrighted photo by Leopold Sulerzhitsky (Holocene Kamchataka volcanoes; http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm).
See title for photo information.
This massive shield volcano, extensively eroded by glaciers, is the early Pleistocene Bolshaya Ipelka shield volcano, the largest volcanic structure of southern Kamchatka. A single unnamed Holocene cinder cone is found on the southern flank of Bolshaya Ipelka. The conical stratovolcano to the east (right) is Opala, which was constructed along the northern rim of a large 12 x 14 km wide caldera, whose floor is largely snow free in this NASA Space Shuttle image.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS004-E-11691, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Kachatka
Country: USSR
Year: 1990
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Kachatka

Title: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (in Russian)
Publisher: P O Dalazyerogeodezya for Soviet Army ?
Country: Kamchatka
Year: 1990
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (in Russian)

Title: USSR (Kamchatka S)
Publisher: DMA
Country: USSR
Year: 1987
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of USSR (Kamchatka S)

Title: Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map
Country: USSR
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Kamchatsky Peninsula Topo Map

Title: Petropavlosk-Kamchatskiy
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: USSR
Year: 1959
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Petropavlosk-Kamchatskiy
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 116556-63 Rhyolite -- --
External Sites