Vitim Plateau

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 53.7°N
  • 113.3°E

  • 1250 m
    4100 ft

  • 302040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Vitim Plateau.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Vitim Plateau.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Vitim Plateau.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

1250 m / 4100 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting



Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Volcanism in the Vitim Plateau dates back to the Miocene and covers an area of nearly 10,000 sq km east of the northern part of Lake Baikal. The most voluminous activity at the Vitim volcanic field took place from the Miocene to Pleistocene, but a second phase occurred during the Pleistocene and Holocene. The latest dated eruption was at about 810,000 years ago. Most of the volcanic centers are located in the NW part of the volcanic field, parallel to the axial part of the Baikal Rift Zone, which lies about 200 km to the west. Mantle zenoliths are found in several locations.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Hasenaka T, Litasov Y, Taniguchi H, Miyamoto T, Fujimaki H, 1999. Cenozoic volcanism in Siberia: a review. Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku Univ, no 3, p 249-272.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Johnson J S, Gibson S A, Thompson R N, Nowell G M, 2005. Volcanism in the Vitim volcanic field, Siberia: geochemical evidence for a mantle plume beneath the Baikal Rift Zone. J Petr, 46: 1309-1344.

Rasskazov S V, Kunk M J, Luhr J F, Bowring S A, Brandt I S, Brandt S B, Ivanov A V, 1996. Episodes of eruptions and composition variations of the Quaternary lavas in the Baikal Rift System (Ar-Ar and K-Ar dating of volcanism in the Dzhida River area). Russian Geol Geophys, 37(6): 1-12.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Vitim Plateau. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Vitim Plateau page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Dombrovskiy Cone
Kandidushka Pyroclastic cone
Lopatina (Loputin) Pyroclastic cone
Mushketova (Mushketov) Pyroclastic cone
Obrucheva (Obruchev) Pyroclastic cone
Yaksha Pyroclastic cone

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Vitim Plateau.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Vitim Plateau in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Vitim Plateau Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.